Reconstruction:Proto-Turkic/-ni

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This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-TurkicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps earlier *-nig. Comparable Mongolian -нийг (-niyg) (as in биднийг (bidniyg, us (accusative)).

SuffixEdit

*-ni

  1. Suffix creating accusative.
    *biŕ (we) + ‎*-ni → ‎*biŕni (us (accusative))

Usage notesEdit

  1. The third person possessive suffix is taken without the letter -i.
    *anïŋ ebi (his/her/its house) + ‎*-ni → ‎*anïŋ ebin (his/her/its house (accusative))

Related termsEdit

  • *-ka (dative case)
  • *-niŋ (genitive case)
  • *-de (locative case)
  • *-den (ablative case)
  • *-meŕ (present tense negative)

DescendantsEdit

  • Oghur:
    • Bulgar: نَ-(-ne, -na)
  • Common Turkic:
  • Oghuz:
    • Old Anatolian Turkish:
      • Azerbaijani: -i, -ni
      • Ottoman Turkish:
  • Karluk:
  • Kipchak:
  • Siberian: