This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Turkic edit

Alternative reconstructions edit

Etymology edit

Analysable as *yul-duŕ, only if the latter part is a regular suffix. Some constellation and planet names carry on similar endings; see Karakhanid [script needed] (eren-tüz, Libra), in Kutadgu Bilig [script needed] (erentiz, Gemini), Turkish Erendiz (Jupiter, Libra) and dialectal Sekendiz (Saturn), where the *-duŕ suffix is presumably preserved. However, Clauson regards the *-tüz ending as "alike", rather than a suffix for planet names.[1]

Nişanyan suggests a relation with Old Uyghur [script needed] (yula, torch, bomb), giving Turkish yalın (also yalım) and Turkish yaldız as 'related terms', which would point to a derivation from Proto-Turkic *yal-.[2]

See also Old Turkic [script needed] (yula köl, name of a lake), relation unclear with lemmas listed above.

Noun edit


  1. star

Synonym: *čakïn (Preserved only in Kuu-Kizhi and Tofalar)[3]

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Oghur:
    • Chuvash: ҫӑлтӑр (śălt̬ăr)
  • Common Turkic:

References edit

  1. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972) “eren tü:z”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 237
  2. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–) “Proto-Turkic/yulduŕ”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  3. ^ Dybo, Anna Vladimirovna (2013). Этимологический словарь базисной лексики тюркских языков (in Russian). TOO - Prosper Print. page 485