This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Akin to Proto-Indo-Iranian *kata- (compare Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬙𐬀-(kata-, house/home, pit), Persian کد(kad, house)). The direction of loaning is not entirely clear, but most researchers have supported an early loanword from pre-Indo-Iranian into Uralic.

The root may have moreover been a widespread Wanderwort across Eurasia, cf. also e.g. Turkish kodak (home), Mongolian хот (khot, town), Ainu コタン (kotan, village), Tamil குடி (kuṭi, house, abode, home, family, lineage, town, tenants), Proto-Germanic *kut-, whence English cot, Dutch kot, German Kate.



  1. hut, tent, tepee


  • Ugric:
    • Hungarian: ház
    • Khanty:
  • Permic:
  • Mari: кудо (kudo)
  • Mordvinic:
  • Samic: *koatē (see there for further descendants)
  • Finnic: *kota (see there for further descendants)

Further readingEdit

  • Entry #370 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive
  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN
  • Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words] (in Finnish), Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN
  • Joki, Aulis J. (1973) Uralier und Indogermanen [Uralians and Indo-Europeans] (Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Toimituksia; 151) (in German), Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, →ISBN
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “хата”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress