This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Probably akin to Proto-Iranian *kátah (compare Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬙𐬀(kata, house/home, pit), Persian کده(kade, house)), in which case it is a loan in one direction or the other, but the direction is not entirely clear. Many researchers have supported an early loanword from pre-Indo-Iranian into Uralic, but this is not certain, as the Iranian word has no known cognates in Indo-European, not even Indo-Aryan. The similarity may simply be a coincidence.[1]

Moreover, the root may have been a widespread Wanderwort across Eurasia; compare Abkhaz ақыҭа (akəta), Proto-Mongolic *kotan (Mongolian хот (xot, town)), Turkish kodak ((dialectal) home), Ainu コタン (kotan, village), Tamil குடி (kuṭi, house, abode, home, family, lineage, town, tenants). Borrowings from Iranian (specifically Scythian) include Proto-Germanic *kutą, *kutǭ (whence English cot, Dutch kot, German Kate) and Proto-Slavic *xata (house) (whence Ukrainian хата (xata), which is akin to, and possibly the origin of, Belarusian хата (xata), Czech chata, Polish chata, Russian хата (xata), Slovak chata).



  1. hut, tent, tepee


  • Proto-Ugric: *kåta (see there for further descendants)
  • Permic:
  • Mari:
  • Proto-Mordvinic: *kūdə̑ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Samic: *koatē (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Finnic: *kota (see there for further descendants)

Further readingEdit

  • Entry #370 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN
  • Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words]‎[2] (in Finnish), [note: linked online version also includes some other etymological sources], Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN
  • Joki, Aulis J. (1973) Uralier und Indogermanen [Uralians and Indo-Europeans] (Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Toimituksia; 151) (in German), Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, →ISBN
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “хата”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress
  1. ^ Junttila, Santeri; Kallio, Petri; Holopainen, Sampsa; Kuokkala, Juha; Pystynen, Juho, editors (2020–), “kota”, in Suomen vanhimman sanaston etymologinen verkkosanakirja[1] (in Finnish), retrieved 2022-11-29