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See also: and
U+9D8F, 鶏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9D8F

[U+9D8E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9D90]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 196 +8, 19 strokes, cangjie input 月人竹日火 (BOHAF), composition ⿰⿱)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1494, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47074
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2024, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4641, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9D8F

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. a chicken, a bird

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
にわとり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Originally derived from the 枕詞 (makura kotoba, pillow word, an epithet as a poetic device) compound phrase niwa tsu tori, (niwa, garden) +‎ (tsu, possessive particle, analogous to modern Japanese , no) +‎ (tori, bird), used in Old Japanese poetry as an allusive introduction to kake, the older word for “chicken” (see below). The medial tsu disappeared over time, yielding modern Japanese niwatori.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana にわとり, katakana ニワトリ, rōmaji niwatori, historical hiragana にはとり)

  1. a chicken (a bird)
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かけ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Onomatopoeic of the sound made by a chicken.[1][2] Compare English cluck.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana かけ, rōmaji kake)

  1. a chicken (a bird)
    • 711-712, Kojiki (Kami tsu maki)
      爾波都登理 迦祁波那久
      庭つ鳥 は鳴く
      にわつとり かけはなく
      niwa tsu tori, kake wa naku
      the garden bird, the chicken clucks
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
くたかけ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Compound of くた (kuta, root for numerous verbs, implying low-grade, rotten, stinky) +‎ かけ (kake, chicken, see above).[1]

Formerly a derogatory term for a chicken. Over time, the derogatory sense was lost, and the term instead took on an old-fashioned or archaic sense.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くたかけ, rōmaji kutakake)

  1. (archaic) a chicken (a bird)
Usage notesEdit

Occasionally seen with the reading くだかけ (kudakake).[1][2]

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN