nl-adj (comparative nl-adjer, superlative nl-adjst)

This template is used to form the headword line for Dutch adjectives. It uses Module:nl-headword as a back-end. This template should normally be used in conjunction with an inflection table {{nl-decl-adj}} that is placed in the ===Declension=== section.

Usage edit

The parameter head= overrides the headword to display, and defaults to the page name. This allows you to add wikilinks to adjectives that are made up of multiple words.

Normal adjectives edit

If no parameters at all are provided, the adjective is assumed to be comparable, and a default comparative in -er and superlative in -st is displayed.

On the page mooi:

  • {{nl-adj}}

The default ending is automatically adjusted depending on the last letters of the word. For example, adjectives ending in -r automatically get -der as the comparative suffix. Adjectives in -s, -sch, -x, -st and so on automatically get only -t in the superlative, and have preferred forms that are formed periphrastically with meer and meest. Adjectives in unstressed -e like roze only get -r in the comparative, and a preferred periphrastic superlative. You do not need to specify any parameters for this.

On the page raar:

  • {{nl-adj}}

On the page groots:

  • {{nl-adj}}

On the page fantastisch:

  • {{nl-adj}}

Some adjectives lose a vowel or gain a consonant in the comparative form. For these adjectives, the first parameter must be provided.

On the page groot:

  • {{nl-adj|groter}}

On the page grijs:

  • {{nl-adj|grijzer}}

On the page nat:

  • {{nl-adj|natter}}

For adjectives that are not comparable, set the first parameter to -.

On the page afzonderlijk:

  • {{nl-adj|-}}

Irregular and compound adjectives edit

Some adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms. The second parameter is then used to specify the superlative form.

On the page goed:

  • {{nl-adj|beter|best}}

Adjectives that are compounds of an adjective and a past participle, such as vergezocht, often have two different ways of forming the comparative and superlative (see The first form is regular (vergezochter, vergezochtst), while the second is formed by inflecting only the first adjective and not the past participle (verdergezocht, verstgezocht). Not all adjectives have both types, and one or the other is usually preferred. The usual or preferred form can be specified with the first and second parameters as above, while the second, alternative form can use the additional comp2= and sup2= parameters:

On the page dichtbevolkt:

  • {{nl-adj|dichterbevolkt|dichtstbevolkt}}

On the page vergezocht:

  • {{nl-adj|comp2=verdergezocht|sup2=verstgezocht}}

Uninflected adjectives edit

Some do not inflect even in cases where inflectional endings would be expected, they are "invariable". This mostly concerns loanwords that have not yet been fully assimilated into the language, and typically includes adjectives ending in an unstressed long vowel. For such adjectives, set the first parameter to inv.

Some adjectives not only do not inflect, but can't be used attributively to modify a noun (een X ding), and can only be predicatively with a copula (dat ding is X). For such adjectives, set the first parameter to pred.

On the page lila:

  • {{nl-adj|inv}}

On the page af:

  • {{nl-adj|pred}}

By default, such adjectives are assumed to be comparable, and have comparatives and superlatives formed with meer and meest. If the adjective is not comparative, the second parameter should be -.

On the page te koop:

  • {{nl-adj|pred|-}}