Wiktionary:Bengali transliteration

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These are the rules concerning transliteration in Bengali entries.

ConsonantsEdit

1 2 3 4 5
letter
translit. k kh g gh
IPA [k] [kʰ] [ɡ] [ɡʱ] [ŋ]
letter
translit. c ch j jh ◌̃
IPA [t͡ʃ], [t͡s] [t͡ʃʰ], [s] [d͡ʒ], [d͡z] [d͡ʒʱ], [d͡z] [◌̃]
letter
translit. ṭh ḍh n
IPA [ʈ̟] [ʈ̟ʰ] [ɖ̟] [ɖ̟ʱ] [n]
letter
translit. t th d dh n
IPA [t̪] [t̪ʰ] [d̪] [d̪ʱ] [n]
letter
translit. p ph b bh m
IPA [p] [pʰ~ɸ~f] [b] [bʱ~β~v] [m]
letter
translit. j r l ś ś
IPA [d͡ʒ], [d͡z] [r] (word-initially), [ɾ] (medially and finally) [l] [s̠] [s̠]
letter য় ড় ঢ়
translit. ś h ẏ/- ṛh
IPA [s̠] [ɦ] [e̯], [∅] [ɽ̟] [ɽ̟]

VowelsEdit

1 2 3 4 5
letter
diacritic inherent ি
translit. ô i u e o
IPA [ɔ], [ɔ̝~o] [i] [u] [e~æ], [ɛ] [o]
letter
diacritic
translit. a i u oi ou
IPA [ä~ɑ], [a] (allophonically or dialectically) [i] [u] [oi̯] [ou̯]

OthersEdit

1 2 3 4 5
letter
diacritic
translit. t ◌̃ ri
IPA [t̪] [ŋ] [h] [◌̃] [ri]

LigaturesEdit

Ligatures are transliterated as they are pronounced. While the pronunciation of some ligatures is evident by their components, others are pronounced quite differently than the spelling would suggest. For instance:

  • + = শ্ল (śl)
  • + = জ্ঞ (g) (word-initially) or (gg) (in other positions)
  • + = স্ব (ś) (word-initially) or (śś) (in other positions)
  • + = ক্ষ (kh) (word-initially) or (kkh) (in other positions)
  • + = ধ্য (dh) (word-initially) or (ddh) (in other positions)

See alsoEdit