Wiktionary:Bengali transliteration

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These are the rules concerning transliteration in Bengali entries.

ConsonantsEdit

1 2 3 4 5
letter
translit. k kh g gh
IPA [k] [kʰ] [ɡ] [ɡʱ] [ŋ]
letter
translit. c ch j jh ◌̃
IPA [t͡ʃ], [t͡s] [t͡ʃʰ], [s] [d͡ʒ], [d͡z] [d͡ʒʱ], [d͡z] [◌̃]
letter
translit. ṭh ḍh n
IPA [ʈ̟] [ʈ̟ʰ] [ɖ̟] [ɖ̟ʱ] [n]
letter
translit. t th d dh n
IPA [t̪] [t̪ʰ] [d̪] [d̪ʱ] [n]
letter
translit. p ph b bh m
IPA [p] [pʰ~ɸ~f] [b] [bʱ~β~v] [m]
letter
translit. j r l ś ś
IPA [d͡ʒ], [d͡z] [r] (word-initially), [ɾ] (medially and finally) [l] [s̠] [s̠]
letter য় ড় ঢ়
translit. ś h ẏ/- ṛh
IPA [s̠] [ɦ] [e̯], [∅] [ɽ̟] [ɽ̟]

VowelsEdit

1 2 3 4 5
letter
diacritic inherent ি
translit. ô i u e o
IPA [ɔ], [ɔ̝~o] [i] [u] [e~æ], [ɛ] [o]
letter
diacritic
translit. a i u oi ou
IPA [ä~ɑ], [a] (allophonically or dialectically) [i] [u] [oi̯] [ou̯]

OthersEdit

1 2 3 4 5
letter
diacritic
translit. t ◌̃ ri
IPA [t̪] [ŋ] [h] [◌̃] [ri]

ConjunctsEdit

Conjuncts are transliterated as they are pronounced. While the pronunciation of some conjuncts is evident by their components, others are pronounced quite differently than the spelling would suggest. These include the following:

The pronunciations of conjuncts ending in ্য such as ক্য and ধ্য do not reflect the presence of the , but lengthen the pronunciation of the preceding consonant and therefore are transliterated by said consonant's doubling. Thus ক্য and ধ্য are transliterated kk and ddh.

See alsoEdit