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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in Virgil’s Aeneid, taken from the Ancient Greek ἀγκῠλῐ́ς (ankulís, hook”, “barb).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

āclys f (genitive āclydis); third declension

  1. a small javelin attached to a strap
    • 29–19 BC, P. Vergilius Maro (aut.), J.B. Greenough (ed.), Aeneis in The Bucolics, Æneid, and Georgics of Virgil (1900), bk vii, ll. 730f.:
      Teretes sunt aclydes illis tela, sed haec lento mos est aptare flagello.
      Their arms are tapered javelins, which they wear bound by a coiling thong. ― tr.: T.C. Williams, The Æneid of Virgil translated into English verse (1908), bk vii, p. 253
    • c. AD 83–96, Ti. Catius Asconius Silius Italicus (aut.), J.D. Duff (ed.), Punica I (1927), bk iii, ll. 362f (p. 140):
      Iamque Ebusus Phoenissa movet, movet Arbacus arma, aclyde vel tenui pugnax instare veruto.
      Now Phoenician Ebusus rises in arms; and the Arbacians, fierce fighters with the dart or slender javelin. ― tr.: ibidem, p. 141
    • c. AD 205–220, Nonius Marcellus (aut.), W.M. Lindsay (ed.), De Conpendiosa Doctrina libri XX (1903), vol. III, bk xix, 554 M., l. 3 (p. 889):
      Aclydes, iacula brevia.
      Aclydes [are] short javelins.
    • 1531, Franciscus Bonadus, Eximii prophetarum antiſtitis regia Dauidis oracula, p. 116:
      Cur modo præcipites Aclydas ſeponis ab arcu?
      Why do you now lay the swift javelins apart from the bow?
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:aclys.

DeclensionEdit

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative āclys āclydēs
genitive āclydis āclydum
dative āclydī āclydibus
accusative āclydem āclydēs
āclydas
ablative āclyde āclydibus
vocative āclys āclydēs

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit