From a variant of earlier strope (“loop on a harness”), from Middle English strope, stropp, from Late Old English strop, stropp (“a band, thong, strap; oar-thong”) and Old French estrope (“strap, loop on a harness”), both from Latin stroppus, struppus (“strap”), from Ancient Greek στρόφος (stróphos, “rope”), from στρέφω (stréphō, “to twist”). Cognate with Scots strap, strop (“strap, band, thong”), Dutch strop (“noose, strop, loop”), Low German Strop (“strap”), German Struppe, Strüppe, Strippe (“string, cord”), Danish strop (“strap”), Swedish stropp (“strap, loop”).
strap (plural straps)
- A long, narrow, pliable strip of leather, cloth, or the like.
1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 7, in The Dust of Conflict:
- The patter of feet, and clatter of strap and swivel, seemed to swell into a bewildering din, but they were almost upon the fielato offices, where the carretera entered the town, before a rifle flashed.
- A strip of thick leather used in flogging.
- 1711, Joseph Addison and Richard Steele, The Spectator
- A lively cobbler that […] had scarce passed a day without giving her [his wife] the discipline of the strap.
- Something made of such a strip, or of a part of one, or a combination of two or more for a particular use.
- A piece of leather, or strip of wood covered with a suitable material, used to hone the sharpened edge of a razor; a strop.
- A narrow strip of anything, as of iron or brass.
- (carpentry, machinery) A band, plate, or loop of metal for clasping and holding timbers or parts of a machine.
- (nautical) A piece of rope or metal passing around a block and used for fastening it to anything.
- (botany) The flat part of the corolla in ligulate florets, as those of the white circle in the daisy.
- (botany) The leaf, exclusive of its sheath, in some grasses.
- A shoulder strap, see under shoulder.
- (slang) A gun, normally a personal firearm such as a pistol or machine pistol.
a long, narrow, pliable strip of leather, cloth, or the like
- Czech: pásek (cs)
- Dutch: riem (nl) m
- Esperanto: rimeno
- French: sangle (fr) f, courroie (fr) f, lanière (fr) f
- Galician: correa f, corre f, vincallo m
- German: Riemen (de) m
- Greek: ιμάντας (el) m (imántas), λουρί (el) n (lourí), λουρίδα (el) f (lourída)
- Italian: cinghia (it) f, cinturino m, correggia (it) f, reggetta (it) f, fascetta f, striscia di cuoio f
- Maori: tarapu
- Norman: strape f (Jersey)
specifically, a strip of thick leather used in flogging
something made of such a strip, or of a part of one, or a combination of two or more for a particular use
a piece of leather, or strip of wood covered with a suitable material, for sharpening a razor; a strop
a narrow strip of anything, as of iron or brass
carpentry: a band, plate, or loop of metal for clasping and holding timbers or parts of a machine.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
strap (third-person singular simple present straps, present participle strapping, simple past and past participle strapped)
- (transitive) To beat or chastise with a strap; to whip, to lash.
- (transitive) To fasten or bind with a strap.
- (transitive) To sharpen by rubbing on a strap, or strop
to strap a razor
beat or chastise with a strap; to whip, to lash
fasten or bind with a strap
sharpen by rubbing on a strap, or strop; as, to strap a razor