Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit


Borrowed from Latin anima, or possibly from Proto-Celtic *anaman. Both from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁mos, a nominal derivative of *h₂enh₁- (breathe).



ainimm f (genitive anmae, nominative plural anmain)

  1. soul, as opposed to corporeal body
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 3d11
      ind ainim
      the soul
  2. life
  3. living creature, animal


Feminine n-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ainimm, a(i)nim, anaim(m) anm(a)in
Vocative ainimm, a(i)nim, anaim(m) anmanaH
Accusative anm(a)inN, anmuin, anim(m) anmanaH
Genitive anm(a)e anm(a)eN
Dative anm(a)inL, anmuin, anim(m) anmanaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit


  • Irish: anam
  • Manx: annym
  • Scottish Gaelic: anam


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ainimm unchanged n-ainimm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit