soul

See also: Soul, soûl, Söul, and Sŏul

Contents

EnglishEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English, from Old English sāwol ‎(soul, life, spirit, being), from Proto-Germanic *saiwalō ‎(soul). Cognate with North Frisian siel, sial ‎(soul), Dutch ziel ‎(soul), German Seele ‎(soul) Scandinavian homonyms seem to have been borrowed from Old Saxon *siala. Modern Danish: sjæl, Swedish: själ, Norwegian: sjel. Icelandic sál may have come from Old English sāwol.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

soul ‎(plural souls)

  1. (religion, folklore) The spirit or essence of a person usually thought to consist of one's thoughts and personality. Often believed to live on after the person's death.
    • 1836, Hans Christian Andersen (translated into English by Mrs. H. B. Paull in 1872), The Little Mermaid
      "Among the daughters of the air," answered one of them. "A mermaid has not an immortal soul, nor can she obtain one unless she wins the love of a human being. On the power of another hangs her eternal destiny. But the daughters of the air, although they do not possess an immortal soul, can, by their good deeds, procure one for themselves.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      No matter how early I came down, I would find him on the veranda, smoking cigarettes, or [] . And at last I began to realize in my harassed soul that all elusion was futile, and to take such holidays as I could get, when he was off with a girl, in a spirit of thankfulness.
  2. The spirit or essence of anything.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 22, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      From another point of view, it was a place without a soul. The well-to-do had hearts of stone; the rich were brutally bumptious; the Press, the Municipality, all the public men, were ridiculously, vaingloriously self-satisfied.
  3. Life, energy, vigor.
    • Young
      That he wants algebra he must confess; / But not a soul to give our arms success.
  4. (music) Soul music.
  5. A person, especially as one among many.
    • D. H. Lawrence
      I want to gather together about twenty souls and sail away from this world of war and squalor and found a little colony where there shall be no money but a sort of communism as far as necessaries of life go, and some real decency.
  6. An individual life.
    Fifty souls were lost when the ship sank.
Derived termsEdit

Look at pages starting with soul.

Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

soul ‎(third-person singular simple present souls, present participle souling, simple past and past participle souled)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To endue with a soul; to furnish with a soul or mind.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from French souler ‎(to satiate).

VerbEdit

soul ‎(third-person singular simple present souls, present participle souling, simple past and past participle souled)

  1. (obsolete) To afford suitable sustenance.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Warner to this entry?)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from English soul.

NounEdit

soul

  1. soul music

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of soul (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative soul
genitive soulin
partitive soulia
illative souliin
singular plural
nominative soul
accusative nom. soul
gen. soulin
genitive soulin
partitive soulia
inessive soulissa
elative soulista
illative souliin
adessive soulilla
ablative soulilta
allative soulille
essive soulina
translative souliksi
instructive
abessive soulitta
comitative

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin satullus, diminutive of satur.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

soul m ‎(feminine singular soule, masculine plural souls, feminine plural soules)

  1. drunk
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from English soul.

NounEdit

soul f

  1. soul, soul music.

External linksEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from English soul.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈsoːl]
  • Hyphenation: soul

NounEdit

soul ‎(plural soulok)

  1. (music) soul music

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative soul soulok
accusative soult soulokat
dative soulnak souloknak
instrumental soullal soulokkal
causal-final soulért soulokért
translative soullá soulokká
terminative soulig soulokig
essive-formal soulként soulokként
essive-modal
inessive soulban soulokban
superessive soulon soulokon
adessive soulnál souloknál
illative soulba soulokba
sublative soulra soulokra
allative soulhoz soulokhoz
elative soulból soulokból
delative soulról soulokról
ablative soultól souloktól
Possessive forms of soul
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. soulom souljaim
2nd person sing. soulod souljaid
3rd person sing. soulja souljai
1st person plural soulunk souljaink
2nd person plural soulotok souljaitok
3rd person plural souljuk souljaik

Derived termsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from English soul.

NounEdit

soul m, f ‎(invariable)

  1. soul music

Old FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

soul

  1. Alternative form of sol

DeclensionEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from English soul.

NounEdit

soul m inan

  1. soul, soul music.

DeclensionEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from English soul.

NounEdit

soul m (uncountable)

  1. soul music (a music genre combining gospel music, rhythm and blues and often jazz)

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from English soul.

NounEdit

soul m ‎(uncountable)

  1. soul, soul music
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