See also: ánima, animá, ànima, animà, animâ, and ânima

EnglishEdit

 
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Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin anima (a current of air, wind, air, breath, the vital principle, life, soul), sometimes equivalent to animus (mind), both from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁- (to breathe, blow); see animus. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἄνεμος (ánemos, wind), Old English anda (anger, envy, zeal). More at onde.

NounEdit

anima (plural animas)

  1. (chiefly philosophy) The soul or animating principle of a living thing, especially as contrasted with the animus. [from 10th c.]
    • 1665, Robert Hooke, Micrographia, XXXVIII:
      [W]e cannot chuse but admire the exceeding vividness of the governing faculty or Anima of the Insect, which is able to dispose and regulate so the motive faculties, as to cause every peculiar organ, not onely to move or act so quick, but to do it also so regularly.
  2. (Jungian psychology) The inner self (not the external persona) of a person that is in touch with the unconscious as opposed to the persona. [from 20th c.]
    • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 31:
      In the Jungian model of the psyche, the male has an internalized female counterpart, the anima; while the female has an internalized masculine counterpart, the animus.
    • 1990, Camille Paglia, Sexual Personae:
      Dorothy is bodiless and sexless in Tintern Abbey because she is Wordsworth's Jungian anima, an internal aspect of self momentarily projected.
  3. (Jungian psychology) The unconscious feminine aspect of a person. [from 20th c.]

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • anima” in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

anima

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of animar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of animar

ChibchaEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old Spanish anima.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

anima

  1. anima, soul

ReferencesEdit

  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From animo +‎ -a.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

anima (accusative singular animan, plural animaj, accusative plural animajn)

  1. of the soul; spiritual
    • (Can we date this quote?), Simono Pejno (translator), “Revon havas mi” (“I Have a Dream”), speech given by Martin Luther King, Jr. in Washington, DC on August 28, 1963,
      Foje kaj refoje ni leviĝu supren al majestaj altejoj, alfrontante fizikan forton kun anima forto.
      Again and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force.
  2. of the mind, mental, psychological, inner
    Ĝi staras antaŭ miaj animaj okuloj.I can see it with my mind’s eye.
    anima lukto / ekvilibroinner struggle / balance
    • (Can we date this quote?), Heinrich August Luyken, Stranga heredaĵo, Ĉapitro 12,
      Vi bezonas korpan kaj animan ripozon.
      You need physical and mental rest.

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

VerbEdit

anima

  1. third-person singular past historic of animer

AnagramsEdit


InterlinguaEdit

 
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NounEdit

anima (plural animas)

  1. soul

ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.ni.ma/
  • Rhymes: -anima
  • Hyphenation: à‧ni‧ma

Etymology 1Edit

 
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Wikipedia it

From Latin anima, from animus, from Proto-Italic *anamos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁mos, a nominal derivative of *h₂enh₁- (breathe). Doublet of alma.

NounEdit

anima f (plural anime)

  1. (religion, philosophy, also figuratively) soul
  2. The innermost part of something:
    1. (botany) Synonym of durame (heartwood)
    2. (lutherie) sound post
  3. (metallurgy) a mould used to create a cavity
  4. the innermost part of a rope
  5. (firearms) the inner cavity created by the chamber and the barrel
  6. (typography) the support of ink rollers
  7. (military, historical) a type of scaled armor
  8. (heraldry) a motto tied to a character
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • anima in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

anima

  1. inflection of animare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

AnagramsEdit


KabuverdianuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese animar.

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

anima

  1. (Sotavento) entertain, enliven

ReferencesEdit

  • Gonçalves, Manuel (2015) Capeverdean Creole-English dictionary, →ISBN
  • Veiga, Manuel (2012) Dicionário Caboverdiano-Português, Instituto da Biblioteca Nacional e do Livro

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See animus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

anima f (genitive animae); first declension

  1. soul, spirit, life
    • 45 BCE, Marcus Tullius Cicero, Tusculanae Disputationes (Tusculan Disputations).Liber I.ix:
      ...animum autem alii animam, ut fere nostri declarat nomen: nam et agere animam et efflare dicimus et animosos...
      ...some would have the soul, or spirit, to be the anima, as our schools generally agree; and indeed the name signifies as much, for we use the expressions animam agere, to live; animam efflare, to expire; animosi, men of spirit...
    Magnificat anima mea dominum.My soul doth magnify the Lord.
  2. air, breeze
  3. breath
    Synonyms: spīritus, spīrātiō
DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun (dative/ablative plural in -īs or -ābus).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative anima animae
Genitive animae animārum
Dative animae animīs
animābus
Accusative animam animās
Ablative animā animīs
animābus
Vocative anima animae
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

animā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of animō

ReferencesEdit

  • anima”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • anima”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • anima in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • anima in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to breathe, live: animam, spiritum ducere
    • to hold one's breath: animam continere
    • to give up the ghost: animam edere or efflare
    • to be at one's last gasp: animam agere
    • (ambiguous) to weary, bore the reader: languorem, molestiam legentium animis afferre
    • (ambiguous) to banish devout sentiment from the minds of others: religionem ex animis extrahere (N. D. 1. 43. 121)
    • (ambiguous) Nature has implanted in all men the idea of a God: natura in omnium animis notionem dei impressit (N. D. 1. 16. 43)

MalteseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Italian animare.

VerbEdit

anima (imperfect janima, past participle animat, verbal noun animar)

  1. to animate
ConjugationEdit
    Conjugation of anima
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
perfect m animajt animajt anima animajna animajtu animaw
f animat
imperfect m nanima tanima janima nanimaw tanimaw janimaw
f tanima
imperative anima animaw

Etymology 2Edit

From Italian anima.

NounEdit

anima f (plural animi)

  1. The innermost part of something: core

Related termsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

NounEdit

anima f (oblique plural animas, nominative singular anima, nominative plural animas)

  1. (9th and 10th centuries) Alternative form of ame

PortugueseEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

Unadapted borrowing from Latin anima. Doublet of alma, inherited from the same source.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: a‧ni‧ma

NounEdit

anima f (plural animas)

  1. (Jungian psychology) anima (unconscious feminine aspect of a male)
  2. anima (soul or inner self of a person)
    Synonym: alma
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: a‧ni‧ma

VerbEdit

anima

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of animar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of animar

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French animer.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /a.niˈma/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: a‧ni‧ma

VerbEdit

a anima (third-person singular present animă, past participle animat1st conj.

  1. to animate

ConjugationEdit

Related termsEdit


SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aˈnima/, [aˈni.ma]

VerbEdit

anima

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of animar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of animar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of animar.