Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Primitive Irish ᚐᚅᚋ (anm), from Proto-Celtic *anman, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ainmm n (genitive anmae, nominative plural anman)

  1. name
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 24a38
      Ní epur a n-anman sund.
      I do not mention their names here.
  2. reputation, repute, renown
  3. (grammar) noun
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 211b6
      ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud glosses nominis
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 27a9
      nibí dechor etir diall n-anmannpronominum
      there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns

DeclensionEdit

Neuter n-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ainmmN ainmmN anmanN
Vocative ainmmN ainmmN anmanN
Accusative ainmmN ainmmN anmanN
Genitive anmae anmanN anmanN
Dative anmaimL anmanaib anmanaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: ainm
  • Manx: ennym
  • Scottish Gaelic: ainm

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ainmm unchanged n-ainmm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit