albahaca f (plural albahaques)
From Old Spanish albafaca, from Andalusian Arabic الحبقة (al-ḥabaqa), from Arabic حَبَق (ḥabaq, “basil”), first attested ca. 1300 in the Tratado de Agricultura de Ibn Bassal. Cognate with Galician alfábega, Portuguese alfavaca and its variant alfádega, Catalan alfàbrega, Moroccan Ladino alhabaca.
Coromines and Pascual explain the change in the location of primary stress in Castilian, Portuguese alfavaca and Ladino, from -fá- as in Arabic to -ba-/-va-, as analogy with other Arabic borrowings that had this stress pattern, e.g. Spanish almazara.
albahaca f (plural albahacas)