albahaca

AsturianEdit

NounEdit

albahaca f (plural albahaques)

  1. basil (plant)
  2. basil (herb)

SpanishEdit

 
Albahaca

EtymologyEdit

From Old Spanish albafaca, from Andalusian Arabic الحبقة(al-ḥabaqa), from Arabic حَبَق(ḥabaq, basil), first attested ca. 1300 in the Tratado de Agricultura de Ibn Bassal. Cognate with Galician alfábega, Portuguese alfavaca and its variant alfádega, Catalan alfàbrega, Moroccan Ladino alhabaca.

Coromines and Pascual explain the change in the location of primary stress in Castilian, Portuguese alfavaca and Ladino, from -fá- as in Arabic to -ba-/-va-, as analogy with other Arabic borrowings that had this stress pattern, e.g. Spanish almazara.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /albaˈaka/, [al.β̞aˈa.ka]
  • IPA(key): /alˈbaka/, [alˈβ̞a.ka]

NounEdit

albahaca f (plural albahacas)

  1. basil (plant or culinary herb)
    Synonym: manjerico

Further readingEdit