ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ح ب ق(ḥ-b-q).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

حَبَقَ (ḥabaqa) I, non-past يَحْبِقُ‎‎ (yaḥbiqu) (obsolete)

  1. to pass gas
ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

حَبْق (ḥabqm (obsolete)

  1. verbal noun of حَبَقَ (ḥabaqa) (form I)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
حَبَق
 حبق‎ on Arabic Wikipedia

From the root ح ب ق(ḥ-b-q) meaning “to break wind or pass gas”, “to change the smell of air”; originally applied to a wide range of odorous herbs, so called for the aroma released when rubbing such plants. See رَيْحَان(rayḥān, basil) for similar semantic development. Cognates with Classical Syriac ܚܘܟܐ(ḥawkā, basil) which has been borrowed as حَوْك(ḥawk); although the ending of حَبَاقَى(ḥabāqā), حَبَاقَا(ḥabāqā, sweet clover (Melilotus)) particular to the 9th century Iraq may point to a loan from an Aramaic, of which the Syriac and Arabic would be the only, late remnants.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

حَبَق (ḥabaqm

  1. a general name for aromatic Lamiaceae
    1. (now especially) basil (Ocimum gen. et spp.)
    2. (Classical Arabic) mint (Mentha spp.), when without any qualifier then usually pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium)
DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Maltese: ħabaq

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1830) , “حبق”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 336
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860) , “حبق”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 369

Hijazi ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic حَبَق(ḥabaq).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

حبق (ḥabagm

  1. Ocimum (taxonomic plant genus)
    Synonym: نعناع المدينة

See alsoEdit


Moroccan ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic حَبَق(ḥabaq).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ħbaq/
  • (file)

NounEdit

حبق (ḥbaqm (plural حبوقة(ḥbūqa))

  1. basil