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Appendix:Spanish pronunciation

SpanishEdit

The following tables show the IPA and SAMPA representations of Spanish pronunciation.

VowelsEdit

The vowel table lists both monophthongs and diphthongs.

IPA SAMPA Examples
a a alto, mar, luna
ai ai aire, vaina, hay
au au aura, flauta, miau
e e esto, cielo, madre
ei ei peine, rey
eu eu europeo, reuma
i i isla, vino, casi
o o ola, broma, sapo
oi oi oigo, boina, hoy
u u uva, alud, tribu
ui ui uy, muy

ConsonantsEdit

IPA SAMPA Examples
b invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː b barco, tumba, vida, invierno
β̞ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː B_o cabeza, pueblo, nuevo
invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː d_d día, caldo, candado
ð invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː D candado, virtud
f invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː f fuente, afán
ɡ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː g gota, mango
ɣ̞ G or M\ lago, amargo
j invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː j miau, cielo, opción, viuda
ʝ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː j\ hielo, yeso, mayo
k invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː k campo, vaca, kilo, queso
l invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː l león, mula, coral
ʎ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː L llave, cuello
m invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː m monte, cama, invierno
n invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː n nieto, cana, pan
ɲ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː J ñandú, mañana
ŋ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː N cinco, ángel, rango, naranja
p invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː p puente, capa, chip
r invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː r reino, enredar, carro
ɾ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː 4 caro, mandril, robar
s invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː s siglo, mesa, ciprés
θ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː T cien, sauce, voz, zurdo, enzima
invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː t_d tiempo, atún, martes
invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː tS chile, macho
w invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː w huevo, cuido, sándwich
x invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː x joven, gente, maja, xico
z invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː z desde, isla, mismo, deshuesar

Other symbolsEdit

A stress mark is placed before the syllable that is stressed in IPA and SAMPA.

IPA SAMPA Indicates
ˈ (ˈa) " ("a) primary stress
ˌ (ˌa)  % (%a) secondary stress, sometimes tertiary stress
a.a a.a division between syllables

See alsoEdit