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See also: Alksnis

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LatvianEdit

 alksnis on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Alķšņi

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *el(i)sni̯a, *al(i)sni̯a (with an extra epenthetic k between the l and the s), from Proto-Indo-European *elis-, *olis- with a suffix -nyo, from the root *el-, *ol-, *h₂él- “reddish brown color.” Cognates include Lithuanian al̃ksnis, dialectal el̃ksnis, Old Prussian abskande (= [aliskande] < *al(i)skands < *al(i)skans < *al(i)skṇs < *al(i)ksnas), Proto-Slavic *elьxa < *elisā (Russian ольха́ (olʹxá), Belarusian во́льха (vólʹxa), Ukrainian ві́льха (vílʹxa), Bulgarian елха́ (elhá), Belarusian алёс (aljós, alder grove, swampy place)), Proto-Germanic *alisō, *alusō (Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌹𐍃𐌰 (alisa), Old High German erila < *elira, German Erle), Latin alnus < *al(i)snos.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

alksnis m (2nd declension)

  1. alder (species of tree of the genus Alnus, esp. A. glutinosa or Alnus incana)
    alkšņa mizaalder bark
    alkšņu spurdzesalder catkin
    alkšņu audzealder grove
    cirst alkšņus malkaito chop alders into firewood
    Māriņa beidza šūt savu alkšņu mizās krāsoto kleitu, ko ziemā bija noaudusiMāriņa finished sewing her dress, the color of alder bark, which she had woven (last) winter

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “alksnis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7