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an- +‎ arthrous, from Ancient Greek ἄρθρον (árthron, joint; grammatical article).



anarthrous (not comparable)

  1. (linguistics) Not having an article (especially of Greek nouns).
    • 1989, Brice L. Martin, Christ and the Law in Paul, Brill Archive, ISBN 978-90-04-09178-8, page 68:
      We have concluded that Paul does not distinguish between the arthrous and anarthrous use of nomos.
    • 2009, Daniel B. Wallace, Granville Sharp's Canon and Its Kin: Semantics and Significance, ISBN 978-0-8204-3342-4, page 252:
      Proper names are usually anarthrous (since they need no article to be definite), except in cases of anaphora
  2. (linguistics) Not having a determiner.
    • 2007 January 18, Michael T. Wescoat, “Preposition-determiner contractions: an analysis in optimality-theoretic lexical-functional grammar with lexical sharing”, in Proceedings of LFG07[1], retrieved 2013-10-10:
      Meigret (1888), treats French P-D contractions as simple prepositions governing anarthrous objects. Associating determiners with NP, Abeillé et al. consider the determinerless objects to be instances of N'.
    Nouns indicating status often appear in anarthrous noun phrases, ie, as bare nouns.
  3. (biology, of a limb) Not having joints.
  4. (biology, of an organism) Not having legs, wings, or other limbs.

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