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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ἀραρίσκω (ararískō) +‎ -θρον (-thron) (from Proto-Indo-European *-dʰrom).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ár.tʰron/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈar.tʰron/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈar.θron/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈar.θron/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈar.θron/
  • NounEdit

    ᾰ̓́ρθρον (árthronn (genitive ᾰ̓́ρθρου); second declension

    1. (anatomy) joint
    2. (anatomy) limb
    3. articulation
      ἄρθρον τῆς φωνῆς (árthron tês phōnês)vocal articulation
    4. (grammar) connecting word
    5. (grammar) an article: a category including the definite article (ho) and the basic relative pronoun ὅς (hós)

    Usage notesEdit

    Note concerning definition #2, ἄρθρον (árthron) was sometimes used to refer to various body parts such as the ankles, eyes, mouth, genitals, etc.

    InflectionEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Further readingEdit