First attested in 1860; from the Latin antepaenultima (antepenult), a feminine substantive of antepaenultimus (antepenultimate).



antepenultime sg

  1. = antepenult, antepenultima
    • 1860, I.J.G. Scheller [aut.] and George Walker [tr.], A Copious Latin Grammar (1825), in: Leonhard Tafel and Rudolph L. Tafel, Latin Pronunciation and the Latin Alphabet, page 142
      In polysyllables the penultime is accented if the syllable be long, but in all other cases the accent is laid upon the antepenultime.
    • 2008, Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the United States, Annals XXI:xlix–l, page 104
      In surnames from words extended with diminutive suffixes…where the stress is always on the antepenultime.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:antepenultime.
  2. (rare) Antepenultimate position.
    • 1986, Stephen Adolphe Wurm [ed.], Papers from the Fourth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics II, page 114
      In antepenultime the non-neutral vowels /a/, /i/, /u/ alternate with the neutral shorter /ə/, and the neutral vowel in antepenultime and penultime alternates with zero.
  3. (rare) Any thing occurring as the antepenultimate item in a series.
    • 2004, Sociobiology XLIV:i, page 328
      Mandibles with 4 teeth decreasing in size from the apical teeth, the antepenultime (subbasal) smallest.




  1. vocative masculine singular of antepēnultimus