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arājs

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LatvianEdit

 
Arājs

EtymologyEdit

Apparently a mixture of arējs ((temporary) plowman) and an unattested form *artājs, from art (to plow) +‎ -ājs. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *ortajь (Russian archaic ратай (rataj), Old Church Slavonic ратай (rátaj)).[1]

NounEdit

arājs m (1st declension)

  1. plowman (person who plows the land (with a horse-drawn plow)
    arājs stingri turēja arkluthe plowman firmly held the plow
    arājs nāca tīrumā artthe plowman came to the field to plow
    arājs ara un gani ganījathe plowman plows and the shepherds tend (the sheep)

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

The difference between arājs and arējs seems to be that arājs describes a profession, a permanent way of life, whereas arējs refers to someone (or some animal) who happens to be plowing now.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “art”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7