arājs

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LatvianEdit

 
Arājs

EtymologyEdit

Apparently a mixture of arējs((temporary) plowman) and an unattested form *artājs, from art(to plow) +‎ -ājs. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *ortajь (Russian archaic ратай(rátaj), Old Church Slavonic ратай(rátaj)).[1]

NounEdit

arājs m (1st declension)

  1. plowman (person who plows the land (with a horse-drawn plow)
    arājs stingri turēja arklu‎ ― the plowman firmly held the plow
    arājs nāca tīrumā art‎ ― the plowman came to the field to plow
    arājs ara un gani ganīja‎ ― the plowman plows and the shepherds tend (the sheep)

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

The difference between arājs and arējs seems to be that arājs describes a profession, a permanent way of life, whereas arējs refers to someone (or some animal) who happens to be plowing now.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “art”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7