Translingual edit

Symbol edit

art

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-5 language code for artificial languages.

English edit

 
A painting showing many kinds of art, including literature, music, and painting itself.

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English art, from Old French art, from Latin artem, accusative of ars (art). Partly displaced native Old English cræft, whence Modern English craft.

Noun edit

art (countable and uncountable, plural arts)

  1. (uncountable) The conscious production or arrangement of sounds, colours, forms, movements, or other elements in a manner that affects the senses and emotions, usually specifically the production of the beautiful in a graphic or plastic medium.
    There is a debate as to whether graffiti is art or vandalism.
    • 1992 May 3, “Comrade Bingo”, in Jeeves and Wooster, Series 3, Episode 6:
      B.W. Wooster: If you ask me, art is responsible for most of the trouble in the world.
      R. Jeeves: An interesting theory, sir. Would you care to expatiate upon it?
      B.W. Wooster: As a matter of fact, no, Jeeves. The thought just occurred to me, as thoughts do.
      R. Jeeves: Very good, sir.
    • 2005 July, Lynn Freed, Harper's:
      "I tell her what Donald Hall says: that the problem with workshops is that they trivialize art by minimizing the terror."
    • 2009, Alexander Brouwer, (Please provide the book title or journal name):
      Visual art is a subjective understanding or perception of the viewer as well as a deliberate/conscious arrangement or creation of elements like colours, forms, movements, sounds, objects or other elements that produce a graphic or plastic whole that expresses thoughts, ideas or visions of the artist.
  2. (uncountable) The creative and emotional expression of mental imagery, such as visual, auditory, social, etc.
  3. (countable) Skillful creative activity, usually with an aesthetic focus.
    She's mastered the art of programming.
  4. (uncountable) The study and the product of these processes.
    He's at university to study art.
  5. (uncountable) Aesthetic value.
    Her photographs are nice, but there's no art in them.
  6. (uncountable) Artwork.
    Sotheby's regularly auctions art for millions.
    art collection
  7. (countable) A field or category of art, such as painting, sculpture, music, ballet, or literature.
    I'm a great supporter of the arts.
  8. (countable) A nonscientific branch of learning; one of the liberal arts.
    • 2013 August 3, “Boundary problems”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art. Perhaps it is fitting that economists’ most-used metric, gross domestic product (GDP), is a tangle too. GDP measures the total value of output in an economic territory. Its apparent simplicity explains why it is scrutinised down to tenths of a percentage point every month.
  9. (countable) Skill that is attained by study, practice, or observation.
    • 1796, Matthew Lewis, The Monk, Folio Society, published 1985, page 217:
      A physician was immediately sent for; but on the first moment of beholding the corpse, he declared that Elvira's recovery was beyond the power of art.
    • 1855, Harriet Martineau's translation, The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte Vol. 1, Introduction, Ch. 2, page 21, from Auguste Comte, Cours de philosophie positive (1830–1842)
      The relation of science to art may be summed up in a brief expression: From Science comes Prevision: from Prevision comes Action.
    • 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC, page 58:
      The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on a certain afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track. The three returned wondering and charmed with Mrs. Cooke; they were sure she had had no hand in the furnishing of that atrocious house.
  10. (uncountable, dated) Contrivance, scheming, manipulation.
Synonyms edit
Antonyms edit
Hyponyms edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Jamaican Creole: aat
  • Tok Pisin: at
  • Japanese: アート (āto)
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English art, from Old English eart ((thou) art), second-person singular present indicative of wesan, from Proto-Germanic *art ((thou) art", originally, "(thou) becamest), second-person singular preterite indicative form of *iraną (to rise, be quick, become active), from Proto-Indo-European *er-, *or(w)- (to lift, rise, set in motion).

Cognate with Faroese ert (art), Icelandic ert (art), Old English earon (are), from the same preterite-present Germanic verb. More at are.

Verb edit

art

  1. (archaic) second-person singular simple present indicative of be
    How great thou art!

See also edit

References edit

  • art”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.
  • "art" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 40.
  • art in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • art”, in The Century Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
  • Hickey, Raymond (1984) “Coronal Segments in Irish English”, in Journal of Linguistics, volume 20, number 2, →DOI, pages 233–250

Anagrams edit

Albanian edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin ars, artem.

Noun edit

art m (definite arti)

  1. art

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Further reading edit

  • “art”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎[1] (in Albanian), 1980
  • Newmark, L. (1999) “art”, in Oxford Albanian-English Dictionary[2]
  • art”, in FGJSH: Fjalor i gjuhës shqipe [Dictionary of the Albanian language] (in Albanian), 2006

Catalan edit

 
Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Etymology edit

From Latin artem.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

art m or f (plural arts)

  1. art (something pleasing to the mind)

Usage notes edit

  • Generally masculine in the singular, feminine in the plural.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Noun edit

art m (plural arts)

  1. fishing net

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Cornish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin ars (art).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

art m (plural artys)

  1. art

Crimean Tatar edit

Noun edit

art

  1. back
    Synonyms: arqa, sırt

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Low German art, from Old Saxon *ard, from Proto-Germanic *ardiz, cognate with German Art.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

art c (singular definite arten, plural indefinite arter)

  1. kind
  2. nature
  3. species

Inflection edit

French edit

Etymology edit

From Latin artem, accusative singular of ars.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

art m (plural arts)

  1. art

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Haitian Creole: la (< l'art)

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Icelandic edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

art f (genitive singular artar, nominative plural artir)

  1. nature, character, disposition
    það var svo góð art í honum að hann talaði aldrei nema vel um fólk á bak
    He had such a good nature that he never spoke unkindly about people behind their backs.
  2. wellbeing, growth
    það er engin art í grasinu
    the grass is not thriving.
  3. (obsolete) type

Synonyms edit

Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish art, explained in glossaries as “stone”.

Noun edit

art m (genitive singular airt, nominative plural airt)

  1. stone

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
art n-art hart not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Latvian edit

 
Art
 
Art ar traktoru

Etymology edit

From Proto-Baltic [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erh₃- (to plow), from *h₁er- (sparse; to crumble, to fall to pieces), whence also the verb irt; see there for more.

Cognates include Lithuanian árti, Old Prussian artoys (plowman) (compare Lithuanian artójas), Old Church Slavonic орати (orati), Russian dialectal or dated ора́ть (orátʹ), Belarusian ара́ць (arácʹ), Ukrainian ора́ти (oráty), Bulgarian ора́ (orá), Czech orati, Polish orać, Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌾𐌰𐌽 (arjan), Old Norse erja, Hittite [Term?] (/⁠ẖarra-⁠/, to crush; (passive form) to disappear), [Term?] (/⁠ẖarš-⁠/, to tear open; to plow), Ancient Greek ἀρόω (aróō), Latin arō.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

art (transitive, 1st conjugation, present aru, ar, ar, past aru)

  1. to plow (to prepare (land) for sowing by using a plow)
    art zemito plow the land, earth
    art tīrumu, laukuto plow a field
    art dārzuto plow a garden
    art kūdraino augsnito plow the peaty soil
    art ar traktoruto plow with a tractor
    papuvi ara divi traktoritwo tractors plowed the fallow (land)
    iziet art agri no rītato go plowing early in the morning
    rudenī, rugāju arot, sekoju Jurim pa vagu un sarunājosin autumn, while (he was) plowing the stubble field, I followed Juris along the furrows and talked

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) “art”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN.

Maltese edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Arabic أَرْض (ʔarḍ).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /art/
  • IPA(key): /aːrt/ (variant, as if spelt *għart)
  • (file)

Noun edit

art f (plural artijiet or (obsolete) iradi)

  1. earth (our planet)
    Synonym: dinja
  2. land, ground, soil
  3. homeland
    art twelidimy homeland
    bla artwithout a homeland

Inflection edit

    Inflected forms
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person arti artna
2nd person artek artkom
3rd person artu artha arthom

Derived terms edit

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English eart, second person singular of wesan (to be), from Proto-Germanic *art, second person singular of *iraną.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

art

  1. second-person singular present indicative of been
Usage notes edit

This form is more common than bist for the second-person singular.

Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Old French art, from Latin artem, accusative form of ars, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥tís.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /art/, (Northern) /aːrt/

Noun edit

art (plural artes or ars)

  1. A member of the seven medieval liberal arts (the trivium and quadrivium).
  2. The seven medieval liberal arts as a group; the trivium and quadrivium combined.
  3. The foundational knowledge and activities of a field or subject (either academic or trade).
  4. Applied or practical knowledge; the execution or realisation of knowledge.
  5. Guile, craft or an instance of it; the use of deception or sleight-of hand.
  6. Competency, skill; one's aptitude or ability in a given area or at a given task.
  7. A set of rules or guidelines for conducting oneself; a code of conduct.
  8. (rare) Knowledge, information; the set of things which one has learned about (through formal study).
  9. (rare) Rhetoric; skill in oration, argument, speech, or speaking.
  10. (rare) Human behaviour or action (as opposed to natural happenings).
Descendants edit
References edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Old English eard, from Proto-West Germanic *ard, from Proto-Germanic *ardiz (nature; type). Doublet of erd (nature, disposition).

Noun edit

art

  1. (Northern) district, locality
Descendants edit

References edit

Middle French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old French art.

Noun edit

art m (plural ars)

  1. art
    • 15th century, Rustichello da Pisa (original author), Mazarine Master (scribe), The Travels of Marco Polo, page 15, lines 7–8:
      Il y a de toutes choses habondance, et ils vivent de marchandise et d'art.
      There is an abundance of everything and they make a living from merchandise and from art

Descendants edit

  • French: art
    • Haitian Creole: la (< l'art)

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Noun edit

art f or m (definite singular arta or arten, indefinite plural arter, definite plural artene)

  1. character, nature, kind
  2. (biology) a species

Derived terms edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Noun edit

art m or f (definite singular arten or arta, indefinite plural artar or arter, definite plural artane or artene)

  1. (biology) a species
  2. character, nature, kind

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin ars.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

art m (plural arts)

  1. art

Related terms edit

Old French edit

Etymology edit

From Latin artem, accusative of ars.

Noun edit

art oblique singularm or f (oblique plural arz or artz, nominative singular arz or artz, nominative plural art)

  1. art (skill; practice; method)
    • (Can we date this quote?) Walter of Bibbesworth: Le Tretiz, ed. W. Rothwell, ANTS Plain Texts Series 6, 1990. Date of cited text: circa 1250
      ore serroit a saver de l’art a bresser & brasyr
      Now would be the time to know the art of brewing

Descendants edit

  • Middle French: art
    • French: art
      • Haitian Creole: la (< l'art)
  • Norman: art
  • Walloon: årt
  • Middle English: art

References edit

Old Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *artos (bear) (compare Cornish arth, Welsh arth), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos (bear).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

art m

  1. bear
    Synonym: mathgamain

Inflection edit

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative art artL airtL
Vocative airt artL artuH
Accusative artN artL artuH
Genitive airtL art artN
Dative artL artaib artaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
art unchanged n-art
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Norse edit

Alternative forms edit

Adjective edit

art

  1. strong neuter nominative/accusative singular of argr

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Swedish art, from Middle Low German art, from Old Saxon *ard, from Proto-Germanic *ardiz (character, nature, inborn quality).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

art c

  1. species

Declension edit

Declension of art 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative art arten arter arterna
Genitive arts artens arters arternas

References edit

Anagrams edit

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Ottoman Turkish آرت (art), آرد (ard) from Proto-Turkic *hārt (back). Cognate with Turkish arka.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

art

  1. hind, rear
    art tekerlerrear wheels

Synonyms edit

Noun edit

art (definite accusative ardı, plural artlar)

  1. back
    Ardına bakmadan kaçtı.
    He ran away without looking "at his back".
  2. the other side

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative art
Definite accusative ardı
Singular Plural
Nominative art artlar
Definite accusative ardı artları
Dative arda artlara
Locative artta artlarda
Ablative arttan artlardan
Genitive ardın artların

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit