Latin edit

Etymology edit

By surface analysis, avus +‎ -unculus. Actually from an n-stem noun suffixed with -culus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewh₂-on-, whence also Proto-Celtic *awontīr (uncle)[1][2] and possibly Proto-Germanic *awô (grandfather), from *h₂éwh₂os (older male relative), whence also avus (grandfather).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

avunculus m (genitive avunculī); second declension

  1. maternal uncle, mother's brother
  2. mother's sister's husband
  3. great-uncle

Declension edit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative avunculus avunculī
Genitive avunculī avunculōrum
Dative avunculō avunculīs
Accusative avunculum avunculōs
Ablative avunculō avunculīs
Vocative avuncule avunculī

Descendants edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 48
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “avus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 66

Further reading edit

  • avunculus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • avunculus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • avunculus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • avunculus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.