husband

See also: Husband

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhʌz.bənd/
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English husbonde, housbonde, from Old English hūsbonda, hūsbunda (male head of a household, householder, master of a house), from Old Norse húsbóndi (master of house), from hús (house) + bóndi (dweller, householder), equivalent to house +‎ bond (serf, slave", originally, "dweller).

Bond in turn represents a formation derived from the present participle of West Scandinavian búa, East Scandinavian bôa = to build, plow; compare German bauen, der Bauende. Cognate with Icelandic húsbóndi (head of household), Faroese húsbóndi (husband), Norwegian husbond (head of household, husband), Swedish husbonde (master), Danish husbond (husband) (< Old Danish husbonde).

NounEdit

husband (plural husbands)

  1. The master of a house; the head of a family; a householder.
  2. A tiller of the ground; a husbandman.
  3. A prudent or frugal manager.
    • 1645, Thomas Fuller, Good Thoughts in Bad Times, Occasional Meditations: V:
      God knows how little time is left me, and may I be a good husband, to improve the short remnant thereof.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, Chapter 16:
      So I went and fetched a good dram of rum, and gave him; for I had been so good a husband of my rum that I had a great deal left. When he had drank it, I made him take the two fowling-pieces, which we always carried, and load them with large swan-shot, as big as small pistol-bullets. Then I took four muskets, and loaded them with two slugs and five small bullets each; and my two pistols I loaded with a brace of bullets each. I hung my great sword, as usual, naked, by my side, and gave Friday his hatchet.
  4. A man in a marriage or marital relationship, especially in relation to his spouse.
    You should start dating so you can find a suitable husband.
  5. The male of a pair of animals.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  6. (Britain) A manager of property; one who has the care of another's belongings, owndom, or interests; a steward; an economist.
  7. A large cushion with arms meant to support a person in the sitting position.
    While reading her book, Sally leaned back against her husband, wishing it were the human kind.
  8. (Britain dialectal) A polled tree; a pollard.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

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DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: ハズバンド (hazubando)

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

husband (third-person singular simple present husbands, present participle husbanding, simple past and past participle husbanded)

  1. (transitive) To manage or administer carefully and frugally; use to the best advantage; economise.
  2. (transitive) To conserve.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe
      ...I found pens, ink, and paper, and I husbanded them to the utmost; and I shall show that while my ink lasted, I kept things very exact, but after that was gone I could not, for I could not make any ink by any means that I could devise.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To till; cultivate; farm; nurture.
  4. (transitive) To provide with a husband.
  5. (transitive) To engage or act as a husband to; assume the care of or responsibility for; accept as one's own.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

husband (plural husbands)

  1. Alternative form of husbonde

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

hus (house) +‎ band (band)

NounEdit

husband n

  1. a group of musicians who regularly play live in a TV show

DeclensionEdit

Declension of husband 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative husband husbandet husband husbanden
Genitive husbands husbandets husbands husbandens