- Greg Pearson, René van den Berg, Lote Grammar Sketch (2008)
This term is from the Western Oceanic substrate languages; it was considered by Mihalic to have entered Tok Pisin from Tolai, but Mosel argues that it "has certainly not been introduced from Tolai, but from a southern New Ireland language. For, apart from some marginal dialects […] Tolai […] lack[s] the phoneme /s/."
- (pigeon) pisin
- ^ Ulrike Mosel, Tolai and Tok Pisin: the influence of the substratum on the development of New Guinea Pidgin (1980)