From Middle English flight, from Old English flyht (“flight”), from Proto-Germanic *fluhtiz (“flight”), derived from *fleuganą (“to fly”), from Proto-Indo-European *plewk- (“to fly”), enlargement of *plew- (“flow”). Analyzable as fly + -t (variant of -th). Cognate with West Frisian flecht (“flight”), Dutch vlucht (“flight”), German Flucht (“flight”) (etymology 2).
flight (countable and uncountable, plural flights)
- The act of flying.
Most birds are capable of flight.
- An instance of flying.
The migrating birds' flight took them to Africa.
- (collective) A collective term for doves or swallows.
a flight of swallows
- A trip made by an aircraft, particularly one between two cities or countries, which is often planned or reserved in advance.
The flight to Paris leaves at 7 o'clock tonight.
Where is the departure gate for flight 747? / Go straight down and to the right.
- A series of stairs between landings.
1967, Sleigh, Barbara, Jessamy, 1993 edition, Sevenoaks, Kent: Bloomsbury, →ISBN, page 84:
She crept up the stairs [...] On she went, across the landing, from which sprang the tall window, and up the next flight until she reached the top.
- A group of canal locks with a short distance between them
- A floor which is reached by stairs or escalators.
How many flights is it up?
- The feathers on an arrow or dart used to help it follow an even path.
c. 1596–1598, William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i], page 164: Baſſ. In my ſchoole dayes, when I had loſt one ſhaft / I ſhot his fellow of the ſelfeſame flight / The ſelfeſame way, with more aduiſed watch / To finde the other forth, and by aduenturing both, / I oft found both. I vrge this child-hoode proofe, […]
- A paper airplane. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
- (cricket) The movement of a spinning ball through the air - concerns its speed, trajectory and drift.
- The ballistic trajectory of an arrow or other projectile.
- An aerodynamic surface designed to guide such a projectile's trajectory.
- An air force unit.
- Several sample glasses of a specific wine varietal or other beverage. The pours are smaller than a full glass and the flight will generally include three to five different samples.
- (engineering) The shaped material forming the thread of a screw.
- An episode of imaginative thinking or dreaming.
- a flight of fancy; a flight of the imagination
act of flying
- Arabic: طَيَرَان m (ṭayarān), تَحْلِيق m (taḥlīq)
- Armenian: թռիչք (hy) (tʿṙičʿkʿ)
- Azerbaijani: uçuş (az)
- Belarusian: палёт m (paljót), лёт m (ljot)
- Bulgarian: по́лет (bg) m (pólet)
- Catalan: vol (ca) m
- Mandarin: 飛行 (zh), 飞行 (zh) (fēixíng)
- Czech: let (cs) m
- Danish: flyvning c
- Dutch: vlucht (nl) f, vliegen (nl) n
- Esperanto: flugo
- Finnish: lentäminen (fi), lento (fi)
- French: vol (fr) m
- Friulian: svol
- Galician: voo (gl) m
- Georgian: გაფრენა (gaprena)
- German: Flug (de) m
- Greek: πτήση (el) f (ptísi)
- Ancient: πτῆσις f (ptêsis)
- Guaraní: veve (gn)
- Hebrew: טִיסָה (he) f (tisá), עִיפָה f ('ifá), עוֹפְפוּת f ('of'fút), פְּרִיחָה f (p'rikhá)
- Hindi: उड़ान (hi) f (uṛān)
- Hungarian: repülés (hu)
- Interlingua: volo
- Italian: volo (it) m, fuga (it) f
- Japanese: 飛行 (ja) (ひこう, hikō)
- Korean: 날기 (nalgi)
- Northern Kurdish: firr (ku)
group of doves or swallows
journey made by an aircraft
cricket: movement of a spinning ball through the air
sample glasses of a specific beverage
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
flight (comparative more flight, superlative most flight)
- (obsolete) Fast, swift, fleet.
flight (third-person singular simple present flights, present participle flighting, simple past and past participle flighted)
- (cricket, of a spin bowler) To throw the ball in such a way that it has more airtime and more spin than usual.
- (sports, by extension, transitive) To throw or kick something so as to send it flying with more loft or airtime than usual.
2017 March 14, Stuart James, “Leicester stun Sevilla to reach last eight after Kasper Schmeichel save”, in the Guardian:
Riyad Mahrez flighted the free-kick that followed to the far post and Morgan, with not much finesse but plenty of desire, bundled the ball over the line. Cue pandemonium in the stands.
Appendix:English collective nouns
From Middle English, from Old English flyht, from Proto-Germanic *fluhtiz, derived from *fleuhaną (“to flee”). Analyzable as flee + -t (variant of -th). Cognate with Dutch vlucht, German Flucht (etymology 1).
flight (countable and uncountable, plural flights)
- The act of fleeing.
- take flight
- the flight of a refugee
- 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
- But the sight of her eyes was not a thing to forget. John Dodds said they were the een of a deer with the Devil ahint them; and indeed, they would so appal an onlooker that a sudden unreasoning terror came into his heart, while his feet would impel him to flight.