Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *biwotūts (compare Welsh bywyd), from *biwos from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive) (compare Latin vīta, Ancient Greek βίοτος (bíotos), Old Church Slavonic животъ (životŭ, life), Lithuanian gyvatà (life), Sanskrit जीवित (jīvitá), Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬊(gaiio, life) (accusative 𐬘𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬙𐬎𐬨(jiiātum))), from *gʷeyh₃- (to live).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bethu m

  1. life
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 3c2
      tri chretim i nÍsu ꝉ isin beothu i táa Ísu iar n-esséirgu
      through belief in Jesus or in the life in which Jesus is after resurrection
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 15b28
      A mbás tíagme-ni do·áirci bethid dúibsi .i. is ar bethid dúibsi tíagmi-ni bás.
      The death to which we go causes life to you pl, i.e. it is for the sake of life to you that we go to death.

DeclensionEdit

Masculine t-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bethu
Vocative bethu
Accusative bethaidN, bethu
Genitive bethad
Dative bethaidL, bethu
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Irish: betha

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bethu bethu
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbethu
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit