IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Irish betha, from Old Irish bethu, from Proto-Celtic *biwotūts (compare Welsh bywyd), from *biwos from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive) (compare Latin vīta, Ancient Greek βίοτος (bíotos), Old Church Slavonic животъ (životŭ, life), Lithuanian gyvatà (life), Sanskrit जीवित (jīvitá), Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬊(gaiio, life) (accusative 𐬘𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬙𐬎𐬨(jiiātum))), from *gʷeyh₃-w- (to live).

NounEdit

beatha f (genitive singular beatha or beathadh, nominative plural beathaí)

  1. life; biography
  2. living, livelihood
  3. food, sustenance

DeclensionEdit

Standard inflection (fourth declension)
Alternative inflection (fifth declension)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

  • beo (alive)

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

beatha m sg

  1. genitive singular of bith

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
beatha bheatha mbeatha
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Irish betha, from Old Irish bethu, from Proto-Celtic *biwotūts, from *biwos from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive), from *gʷeih₃w- (to live).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

beatha f (genitive singular beatha, plural beathannan)

  1. life

DeclensionEdit

Forms without/with the definite article:

Case Singular Plural
Nominative beatha/a' bheatha beathannan/na beathannan
Genitive beatha/na beatha bheatha/nam beatha
Dative beatha/a' bheatha na beathannan/na beathannan

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
beatha bheatha
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • beatha” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “betha”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language