Latin edit

Latin numbers (edit)
 ←  90 [a], [b] ←  99 C
200  →  1,000  → 
    Cardinal: centum
    Ordinal: centēsimus
    Adverbial: centiēs, centiēns
    Multiplier: centūplus, centuplex, centumgeminus
    Distributive: centēnus
    Fractional: centēsimus

Etymology edit

Probably from Old Latin *cēsimus (hundredth) (from Proto-Italic *kent-tamo-), akin to centum (hundred), remodelled after ordinal numbers like vigēsimus (twentieth).

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

centēsimus (feminine centēsima, neuter centēsimum); first/second-declension numeral

  1. hundredth

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative centēsimus centēsima centēsimum centēsimī centēsimae centēsima
Genitive centēsimī centēsimae centēsimī centēsimōrum centēsimārum centēsimōrum
Dative centēsimō centēsimō centēsimīs
Accusative centēsimum centēsimam centēsimum centēsimōs centēsimās centēsima
Ablative centēsimō centēsimā centēsimō centēsimīs
Vocative centēsime centēsima centēsimum centēsimī centēsimae centēsima

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Catalan: centèsim

References edit

  • centesimus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • centesimus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • centesimus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to reach one's hundredth year, to live to be a hundred: vitam ad annum centesimum perducere
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “centum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 108