Sino-Vietnamese word from 主席.
- (government, communism) a president
Chủ tịch nước
- the (executive) President (of Vietnam)
Chủ tịch Phi-đen Ca-xtơ-rô
- President Fidel Castro
- (business) a president
- (government, communism) a chairperson
Chủ tịch Quốc hội
- the Chairman of the National Assembly (of Vietnam)
- (business) a chairperson
chủ tịch hội đồng quản trị
- the chair(wo)man of the board of directors
- Both chủ tịch and tổng thống translate to the English "president", but chủ tịch is used strictly to refer to the leaders of a few self-proclaimed "socialist"/"communist" countries (particularly Vietnam, China, Cuba and Laos) who are not actually elected, but appointed by the ruling political party, and then formally "re-elected" by representatives in the party; while tổng thống refers to elected leaders in democracies. While the use of "president" as a translation of chủ tịch is usually subject for mockery in Western media, the distinction is made abundantly clear in Vietnam, and possibly in China. A socialist/communist chủ tịch is the head of state who represents and addresses their whole nation, in roughly the same way a president, a chancellor, a constitutional monarch or a prime minister of other countries do.