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Old IrishEdit

 
cnáim

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *knāmis, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg). Cognate with Ancient Greek κνήμη (knḗmē, tibia) and English ham.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cnáim m (genitive cnámo or cnáma, nominative plural cnámai)

  1. bone

InflectionEdit

Masculine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative cnáim cnáimL cnámaiH
Vocative cnáim cnáimL cnámaiH
Accusative cnáimN cnáimL cnámaiH
Genitive cnámo, cnámaH cnámo, cnámaL cnámaeN
Dative cnáimL cnámaibN cnámaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cnáim chnáim cnáim
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • cnáim” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.