Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/knāmis

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-CelticEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *hammō (whence English ham) and Ancient Greek κνήμη (knḗmē, tibia).

NounEdit

*knāmis m

  1. bone

DeclensionEdit

Masculine/feminine i-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *knāmis *knāmī *knāmīs
vocative *knāmi *knāmī *knāmīs
accusative *knāmim *knāmī *knāmims
genitive *knāmēs *knāmyow *knāmyom
dative *knāmē *knāmibom *knāmibos
instrumental *knāmī *knāmibim *knāmibis

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Irish: cnáim
    • Irish: cnámh
    • Manx: craue
    • Scottish Gaelic: cnàimh
  • Middle Welsh: knaw (possibly a loanword from Old Irish)

Further readingEdit

  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 211