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EtymologyEdit

co- +‎ set; apparently first used 1910 by American mathematician George Abram Miller.

NounEdit

coset (plural cosets)

  1. (algebra, group theory) The set that results from applying a group's binary operation with a given fixed element of the group on each element of a given subgroup.
    • 1970 [Addison Wesley], Frederick W. Byron, Robert W. Fuller, Mathematics of Classical and Quantum Physics, Volumes 1-2, Dover, 1992, page 597,
      Theorem 10.5. The collection consisting of an invariant subgroup H and all its distinct cosets is itself a group, called the factor group of G, usually denoted by G/H. (Remember that the left and right cosets of an invariant subgroup are identical.) Multiplication of two cosets aH and bH is defined as the set of all distinct products z = xy, with xaH and ybH; the identity element of the factor group is the subgroup H itself.
    • 1982 [Stanley Thornes], Linda Bostock, Suzanne Chandler, C. Rourke, Further Pure Mathematics, Nelson Thornes, 2002 Reprint, page 614,
      In general, the coset in row x consists of all the elements xh as h runs through the various elements of H.
    • 2009, Lindsay N. Childs, A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra, Springer, 3rd Edition, page 231,
      Example 3. Let   (the operation is  ),  . Then the coset   is the set of integers of the form   where   runs through all elements of  .

Usage notesEdit

Mathematically, given a group   with binary operation  , element   and subgroup  , the set  , which also defines the left coset if   is not assumed to be abelian.

The concept is relevant to the (mathematical) definitions of normal subgroup and quotient group.

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