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sub- +‎ group.



IPA(key): /ˈsʌbˌɡɹuːp/



subgroup (plural subgroups)

  1. A group within a larger group; a group whose members are some, but not all, of the members of a larger group.
    • 1998, Robert A. Johnson, Prevalence of Substance Use Among Racial and Ethnic Subgroups in the United States, 1991-1993, Department of Health and Human Services, page B-11,
      Based on U.S. Bureau of the Census (1992c), other metropolitan areas that might be suitable for oversampling specific racial/ethnic subgroups include Miami (18% Cuban), New York City (7% Puerto Rican), Los Angeles (26% Mexican), and Honolulu (23% Japanese). Three techniques might be used to increase the yield of rare subgroup members within metropolitan areas where they are concentrated: 1) oversampling of areal segments containing high percentages of the subgroup, [] .
  2. (group theory) A subset H of a group G that is itself a group and has the same binary operation as G.
    • 1990, Peter B. Kleidman, Martin W. Liebeck, The Subgroup Structure of the Finite Classical Groups, Cambridge University Press, page 1:
      Much of the information about a group can be gleaned from a study of its subgroups. For these reasons it is important to study the subgroup structure of the almost simple groups, and in particular their maximal subgroups.
    • 1991, Gregori A. Margulis, Discrete Subgroups of Semisimple Lie Groups, Springer-Verlag, page 13:
      A subgroup H of an algebraic group G is called algebraic if H is an algebraic subvariety of G. Algebraic subgroups defined over k (as algebraic subvarieties) are called k-subgroups. An algebraic subgroup of an algebraic group is called k-closed or closed over k (resp. k-defined or defined over k) if it is k-closed (resp. k-defined) as an algebraic subvariety.
    • 2012, Yorck Sommerhäuser, Yongchang Zhu, Hopf Algebras and Congruence Subgroups, American Mathematical Society, page 3:
      This is applied in Chapter 9 to prove the first congruence subgroup theorem, which asserts that g.z = z for all z in the center of the Drinfel'd double D(H) and all g in the principal congruence subgroup.


  • (group within a group): subset

Derived terms






subgroup (third-person singular simple present subgroups, present participle subgrouping, simple past and past participle subgrouped)

  1. To divide or classify into subgroups