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See also: fein, fèin, feîn, féin-, and fèin-

Contents

IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish féin, from Proto-Celtic *swe- (from Proto-Indo-European *swé (oneself)) + *sin (anaphoric pronoun).[1]

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /heːnʲ/, /fʲeːnʲ/

PronounEdit

féin

  1. self
    féinmyself (both emphatic and reflexive)
    sinn féinourselves; we ourselves
  2. own
    mo theach féinmy own house
Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

féin

  1. even, only
    má tá féineven if it is

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

féin

  1. inflection of féan:
    1. vocative and genitive singular
    2. nominative and dative plural

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
féin fhéin bhféin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Peter Schrijver (1997) Studies in the History of Celtic Pronouns and Particles (Maynooth Studies in Celtic Linguistics; II), Maynooth: The Department of Old Irish, National University of Ireland, →ISBN, § III.2, pages 75–76

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *swe- (from Proto-Indo-European *swé (oneself)) + *sin (anaphoric pronoun).[1]

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

féin

  1. self

InflectionEdit

féin fadéin céin cadéin
1 sg. féin fadéin céin cadéin
2 sg. féin fadéin
3 sg. m./n. fes(s)in, feis(s)in
féin
fades(s)in, fadeis(s)in
fadéne
ces(s)in, ceis(s)in cades(s)in, cadeis(s)in
3 sg. f. fes(s)in, feis(s)in, fissin
fes(s)ine, feisine, feis(s)ne
fadisin
fade(is)sne
1 pl. fes(s)ine fanis(s)in canisin
2 pl. fes(s)in, feis(s)in
feis(s)ne
fanis(s)in
3 pl. fes(s)in, feis(s)in
fes(s)ine, feisine, feis(s)ne
fades(s)in, fadeis(s)in, fedesin
fades(s)ine, fadeisine, fadeis(s)ne
ceisne cades(s)in, cadeis(s)in
cades(s)ine, cadeisine, cadesne

Usage notesEdit

The difference between the féin/céin set and the fadéin/cadéin set appears to be that the latter are contrastively reflexive (‘oneself as opposed to someone else’) while the former do not suggest any contrast. The difference between the f- forms and the c- forms may be that the latter have a connotation of ‘even/also oneself’ that the former do not have.[2]

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
féin ḟéin féin
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • G. Toner, S. Arbuthnot, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, D. Wodtko, editors (1913–76), “fadéin, féin”, in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Dublin: Royal Irish Aacademy, →ISBN
  • Rudolf Thurneysen (1940) A Grammar of Old Irish, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, § 485, pages 306–7
  • Holger Pedersen, Vergleichende Grammatik der keltischen Sprachen, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1913, vol. II, p. 153

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Peter Schrijver (1997) Studies in the History of Celtic Pronouns and Particles (Maynooth Studies in Celtic Linguistics; II), Maynooth: The Department of Old Irish, National University of Ireland, →ISBN, § III.2, pages 75–76
  2. ^ Peter Schrijver (1997) Studies in the History of Celtic Pronouns and Particles (Maynooth Studies in Celtic Linguistics; II), Maynooth: The Department of Old Irish, National University of Ireland, →ISBN, §§ III.2, III.4, pages 72, 78–83