- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /əʊn/
- (General American) enPR: ōn, IPA(key): /oʊn/
Audio (GA) (file)
- (Hong Kong) IPA(key): /uŋ/
- Rhymes: -əʊn
From Middle English owen, aȝen, from Old English āgen (“own, proper, peculiar”), originally the past participle of āgan; from Proto-West Germanic *aigan (“own”), from Proto-Germanic *aiganaz (“own”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eyḱ- (“to have, possess”).
- 'n (informal contraction)
- Belonging to; possessed; acquired; proper to; property of; titled to; held in one's name; under/using the name of. Often marks a possessive determiner as reflexive, referring back to the subject of the clause or sentence.
- 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i], page 14:
- Prospero: Fairely ſpoke ; / Sit then, and talke with her, ſhe is thine owne ;
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter VIII, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698:
- I corralled the judge, and we started off across the fields, in no very mild state of fear of that gentleman's wife, whose vigilance was seldom relaxed. And thus we came by a circuitous route to Mohair, the judge occupied by his own guilty thoughts, and I by others not less disturbing.
- 1918, W[illiam] B[abington] Maxwell, chapter X, in The Mirror and the Lamp, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 4293071:
- He looked round the poor room, at the distempered walls, and the bad engravings in meretricious frames, the crinkly paper and wax flowers on the chiffonier; and he thought of a room like Father Bryan's, with panelling, with cut glass, with tulips in silver pots, such a room as he had hoped to have for his own.
- 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 27:
- The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about […], or offering services that let you […] "share the things you love with the world" and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.
- Not shared.
- When we move into the new house, the kids will each have their own bedroom.
- (obsolete) Peculiar, domestic.
- (obsolete) Not foreign.
- Often used for implication of ownership, often with emphasis. In modern usage, it always follows a possessive determiner, or a noun in the possessive case.
- (transitive) To have rightful possession of (property, goods or capital); to have legal title to; to acquire a property or asset.
- I own this car.
- (transitive) To have recognized political sovereignty over a place, territory, as distinct from the ordinary connotation of property ownership.
- The United States owns Point Roberts by the terms of the Treaty of Oregon.
- (transitive) To defeat or embarrass; to overwhelm.
- I will own my enemies.
- If he wins, he will own you.
- (transitive) To virtually or figuratively enslave.
- (online gaming, slang) To defeat, dominate, or be above, also spelled pwn.
- (transitive, computing, slang) To illicitly obtain superuser or root access to a computer system, thereby having access to all of the user files on that system; pwn.
- (intransitive, slang) To be very good.
- (intransitive) To admit, concede, grant, allow, acknowledge, confess; not to deny.
- (transitive) To admit; concede; acknowledge.
- 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, (please specify the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals)]:
- Two of those fellows you must know and own.
- 1843 April, Thomas Carlyle, “1, ’’Jocelin of Brakelond’’”, in Past and Present, New York, N.Y.: William H. Colyer, […], published May 1843, OCLC 10193956, book:
- It must be owned, the good Jocelin, spite of his beautiful childlike character, is but an altogether imperfect 'mirror' of these old-world things!
- (transitive) To proudly acknowledge; to not be ashamed or embarrassed of.
- 2014 April 17, Dan Shive, El Goonish Shive (webcomic), Comic for Thursday, Apr 17, 2014:
- "Well, I'm not hiding anymore! I'm owning my girly looks with cute short pink hair!"
- (transitive) To take responsibility for.
- (transitive) To answer to.
- 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick:
- I own thy speechless, placeless power; but to the last gasp of my earthquake life will dispute its unconditional, unintegral mastery in me.
- (transitive) To recognise; acknowledge.
- to own one as a son
- (transitive) To claim as one's own.
- (intransitive, UK dialectal) To confess.
- (have rightful possession of): to possess, acquire, have to one's name, property of, titled to
- (defeat): beat, defeat, overcome, overthrow, vanquish, have, take, best
- (admit): disown
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- 1896, Universal Dictionary of the English Language [UDEL], v3 p3429:
- To possess by right; to have the right of property in; to have the legal right or rightful title to.
- 1896, ibid., UDEL
- 1896, ibid., UDEL
- 1896, ibid., UDEL
- aw (used to express affection)
For quotations using this term, see Citations:own.
- Alternative form of
- 1927, “ZONG O DHREE YOLA MYTHENS”, in THE ANCIENT DIALECT OF THE BARONIES OF FORTH AND BARGY, COUNTY WEXFORD, line 3:
- Vo no own caars.
- Whom no one cares.
- Kathleen A. Browne (1927) The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland Sixth Series, Vol.17 No.2, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, page 131