fjórir

IcelandicEdit

Icelandic cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : fjórir
    Ordinal : fjórði

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse fjórir, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr.[1] Cognates include Faroese fýra and Danish fire.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

fjórir (feminine fjórar, neuter fjögur)

  1. four
    Þar sátu fjórir menn.Four men were sitting there.
    Hún er fjögurra.She is four years old.

DeclensionEdit

The genitive fjögra is common in speech, but fjögurra is preferred in writing. A recent alternative genitive form, fjagra, is very widespread in spoken language, but is only occasionally used in writing.

Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • When counting out loud, the contraction fjór is frequently used.
    Einn, tveir, þrír, fjór.One, two, three, four.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ásgeir Blöndal MagnússonÍslensk orðsifjabók, 1st edition, 2nd printing (1989). Reykjavík, Orðabók Háskólans, page 181.

Old NorseEdit

Old Norse cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : fjórir
    Ordinal : fjórði

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres.

NumeralEdit

fjórir

  1. four
    fjögurra vegna — to the four cardinal points

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Zoëga, Geir T. (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic[1], Oxford: Clarendon Press