Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/kʷetwóres

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Considering PIE morpheme structure, *kʷetwor- has too many consonants to be a true primitive morpheme. Tentatively, the feminine stem could point to an elemental "four" of the shape **kʷet- or **kʷetu-.

NumeralEdit

Proto-Indo-European cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : *kʷetwóres
    Ordinal : *kʷ(e)twr̥tós[1]
    Prefix : *kʷetwr̥-

*kʷetwóres[2]

  1. four

InflectionEdit

Athematic, amphikinetic
masculine feminine
nominative *kʷetwóres *kʷétesres
genitive *kʷeturóHom *kʷetesróHom
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *kʷetwóres
vocative *kʷetwóres
accusative *kʷetwórm̥s
genitive *kʷeturóHom
ablative *kʷetwr̥mós
dative *kʷetwr̥mós
locative *kʷetwr̥sú
instrumental *kʷetwr̥bʰí
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *kʷétesres
vocative *kʷétesres
accusative *kʷétesrm̥s
genitive *kʷetesróHom
ablative *kʷetesr̥mós
dative *kʷetesr̥mós
locative *kʷetesr̥sú
instrumental *kʷetesr̥bʰí
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *kʷetwṓr
vocative *kʷetwṓr
accusative *kʷetwṓr
genitive *kʷeturóHom
ablative *kʷetwr̥mós
dative *kʷetwr̥mós
locative *kʷetwr̥sú
instrumental *kʷetwr̥bʰí

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004, 2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell
  2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “č‘or-k‘”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 547