- The study of the spatial, temporal, and political aspects of economies and resources in relation to the balance of power between nation-states and/or trading blocs
- 2013 July 19, Timothy Garton Ash, “Where Dr Pangloss meets Machiavelli”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 18:
- Hidden behind thickets of acronyms and gorse bushes of detail, a new great game is under way across the globe. Some call it geoeconomics, but it's geopolitics too. The current power play consists of an extraordinary range of countries simultaneously sitting down to negotiate big free trade and investment agreements.
- 2017 June 17, M. Nicolas J. Firzli, “The Qatar Crisis and the Eastern Flank of the MENA Area”, in Asharq Al-Awsat, volume 167, number 17, page 12:
- ‘Country risk’ is essentially about assessing the economic prospects of a nation holistically, within the broader legal and geopolitical soil without which institutional investors cannot grow their assets. The government of Qatar is now paying an incommensurate price for having thought it could defy forever the laws of geoeconomic gravity.