See also: temporâl

English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɛm.pə.ɹəl/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛmpəɹəl

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English temporal, temporel (transitory, worldly, material, of secular society), from Old French temporel or Latin temporālis (of time (in grammar), temporary, relating to time as opposed to eternity), from tempus (time, period, opportunity) +‎ -ālis.

Adjective edit

temporal (not generally comparable, comparative more temporal, superlative most temporal)

  1. (relational) Of or relating to the material world, as opposed to sacred or clerical.
    temporal power, temporal courts
    The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled (The official title of the House of Lords)
    Synonyms: secular, lay, civil
    Antonyms: spiritual, ecclesiastical
    • 1945 September and October, C. Hamilton Ellis, “Royal Trains—V”, in Railway Magazine, page 252:
      The [papal] train was in use until 1871, when the Pope [Pius IX] lost his temporal power.
    • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King: The Dawn of Tudor England, Penguin Books, page 166:
      Not long before, he had ruefully acknowledged in a letter to his pious mother that most of his appointments to the bench of bishops had been motivated by distinctly temporal impulses.
  2. (relational) Relating to time:
    1. Of limited time, transient, passing, not perpetual, as opposed to eternal.
      1. (euphemistic) Lasting for a short time only.
    2. Of or relating to time as distinguished from space.
    3. Of or relating to the sequence of time or to a particular time.
      Synonym: chronological
    4. (grammar) Relating to or denoting time or tense.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Noun edit

temporal (plural temporals)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) Anything temporal or secular; a temporality.
    • 1684, John Dryden, The History of the League, translation of Histoire de la Ligue by Louis Maimbourg:
      for God's people love always to be dealing as well in temporals as spirituals

Etymology 2 edit

Middle English, from Middle French timporal, temporal, from Late Latin temporālis, from tempora (the temples of the head) +‎ -ālis (-al, adjectival suffix). Doublet of temporalis.

Adjective edit

temporal (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy, relational) Of or situated in the temples of the head or the sides of the skull behind the orbits.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Noun edit

temporal (plural temporals)

  1. (anatomy) Ellipsis of temporal bone.
  2. (zootomy) Any of a reptile's scales on the side of the head between the parietal and supralabial scales, and behind the postocular scales.

References edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin temporālis.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

temporal m (plural temporals)

  1. storm

Adjective edit

temporal m or f (masculine and feminine plural temporals)

  1. temporary
  2. temporal

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Cimbrian edit

Noun edit

temporàl m

  1. (Luserna) thunderstorm

References edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from New Latin temporālis, from tempus (temple) (whence tempe).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

temporal (feminine temporale, masculine plural temporaux, feminine plural temporales)

  1. (anatomy) temporal
    lobe temporaltemporal lobe

Usage notes edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Galician edit

 
Temporal

Etymology edit

13th century. Learned borrowing from Latin temporālis, from tempus (time).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

temporal m or f (plural temporais)

  1. temporal, pertaining to time
  2. temporal, transient, as opposed to eternal
  3. temporal, pertaining to the temples of the head
  4. (grammar) of a grammatical case in Hungarian

Derived terms edit

Noun edit

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. (weather) rainstorm
    Synonyms: ballón, invernada
  2. (weather) windstorm
    Synonym: vendaval
  3. (weather) tempest
    Synonym: tempestade

Noun edit

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. (anatomy) the temporal bone

References edit

  • temporal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • temporal” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • temporal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • temporal” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • temporal” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

temporal (strong nominative masculine singular temporaler, not comparable)

  1. temporal
    Synonym: zeitlich

Declension edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Late Latin temporālis, from Latin tempus (time).

Adjective edit

temporal (neuter singular temporalt, definite singular and plural temporale)

  1. temporal (related to time)
  2. temporal (related to the temples)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /tẽ.puˈɾal/ [tẽ.puˈɾaɫ]
    • (Southern Portugal) IPA(key): /tẽ.puˈɾa.li/

  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -al, (Brazil) -aw
  • Hyphenation: tem‧po‧ral

Etymology 1 edit

Learned borrowing from Latin temporālis (temporal), from tempus (season, time, opportunity), from Proto-Indo-European *tempos (stretch).

Adjective edit

temporal m or f (plural temporais, not comparable)

  1. temporal (relating to time)
    Synonym: crónico
  2. secular
    Synonym: secular
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From tempo (weather).

Noun edit

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. downpour; heavy rain
    Synonyms: tempestade, vendaval

Etymology 3 edit

From têmpora (temple of the head).

Noun edit

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. temporal bone
Hypernyms edit
Holonyms edit
Coordinate terms edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French temporel.

Adjective edit

temporal m or n (feminine singular temporală, masculine plural temporali, feminine and neuter plural temporale)

  1. temporal (bone)

Declension edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin temporālis.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /tempoˈɾal/ [t̪ẽm.poˈɾal]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: tem‧po‧ral

Adjective edit

temporal m or f (masculine and feminine plural temporales)

  1. temporal (of or relating to time)
  2. temporary
    Synonym: temporario
  3. (anatomy) temporal (of the temples of the head)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Noun edit

temporal m (plural temporales)

  1. storm
    Synonyms: tempestad, vendaval

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit