temporal

See also: temporâl

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɛm.pə.ɹəl/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛmpəɹəl

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English temporal, temporel (transitory, worldly, material, of secular society), from Old French temporel or Latin temporālis (of time (in grammar), temporary, relating to time as opposed to eternity), from tempus (time, period, opportunity) +‎ -ālis.

AdjectiveEdit

temporal (not comparable)

  1. (relational) Of or relating to the material world, as opposed to sacred or clerical.
    temporal power, temporal courts
    Synonyms: secular, lay, civil
    Antonyms: spiritual, ecclesiastical
    • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King: The Dawn of Tudor England, Penguin Books, page 166:
      Not long before, he had ruefully acknowledged in a letter to his pious mother that most of his appointments to the bench of bishops had been motivated by distinctly temporal impulses.
  2. (relational) Relating to time:
    1. Of limited time, transient, passing, not perpetual, as opposed to eternal.
      1. (euphemistic) Lasting for a short time only.
    2. Of or relating to time as distinguished from space.
    3. Of or relating to the sequence of time or to a particular time.
      Synonym: chronological
    4. (grammar) Relating to or denoting time or tense.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

temporal (plural temporals)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) Anything temporal or secular; a temporality.
    • 1684, John Dryden, The History of the League, translation of Histoire de la Ligue by Louis Maimbourg:
      for God's people love always to be dealing as well in temporals as spirituals
    • 1876, James Russell Lowell, “Dante”, in Among My Books: Second Series:
      He assigns supremacy to the pope in spirituals, and to the emperor in temporals.

Etymology 2Edit

Middle English, from Middle French timporal, temporal, from Late Latin temporālis, from tempora (the temples of the head) +‎ -ālis (-al, adjectival suffix). Doublet of temporalis.

AdjectiveEdit

temporal (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy, relational) Of or situated in the temples of the head or the sides of the skull behind the orbits.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

temporal (plural temporals)

  1. (anatomy) Ellipsis of temporal bone.
  2. (zootomy) Any of a reptile's scales on the side of the head between the parietal and supralabial scales, and behind the postocular scales.

ReferencesEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin temporalis.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

temporal m (plural temporals)

  1. storm

AdjectiveEdit

temporal (masculine and feminine plural temporals)

  1. temporary
  2. temporal

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


CimbrianEdit

NounEdit

temporàl m

  1. (Luserna) thunderstorm

ReferencesEdit

  • “temporal” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from New Latin temporālis, from tempus (temple) (whence tempe).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

temporal (feminine singular temporale, masculine plural temporaux, feminine plural temporales)

  1. (anatomy) temporal

Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

 
Temporal

EtymologyEdit

13th century. Borrowed from Latin temporālis, from tempus (time).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. (weather) rainstorm
    Synonyms: ballón, invernada
  2. (weather) windstorm
    Synonym: vendaval
  3. (weather) tempest
    Synonym: tempestade

NounEdit

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. (anatomy) the temporal bone

AdjectiveEdit

temporal m or f (plural temporais)

  1. temporal, pertaining to time
  2. temporal, transient, as opposed to eternal
  3. temporal, pertaining to the temples of the head
  4. (grammar) of a grammatical case in Hungarian

ReferencesEdit

  • temporal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • temporal” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • temporal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • temporal” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • temporal” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

temporal (not comparable)

  1. temporal

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Late Latin temporālis, from Latin tempus (time).

AdjectiveEdit

temporal (neuter singular temporalt, definite singular and plural temporale)

  1. temporal (related to time)
  2. temporal (related to the temples)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /tẽ.poˈɾaw/, [tẽ.poˈɾaʊ̯]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /tẽ.puˈɾal/, [tẽ.puˈɾaɫ]

  • Hyphenation: tem‧po‧ral
  • Rhymes: -al, -aw

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Latin temporālis (temporal), from tempus (season, time, opportunity), from Proto-Indo-European *tempos (stretch).

AdjectiveEdit

temporal m or f (plural temporais, not comparable)

  1. temporal (relating to time)
    Synonym: crónico
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From tempo (weather).

NounEdit

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. downpour; heavy rain
    Synonyms: tempestade, vendaval

Etymology 3Edit

From têmpora (temple of the head).

NounEdit

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. temporal bone
HypernymsEdit
HolonymsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French temporel.

AdjectiveEdit

temporal m or n (feminine singular temporală, masculine plural temporali, feminine and neuter plural temporale)

  1. temporal (bone)

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin temporālis.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tempoˈɾal/, [t̪ẽm.poˈɾal]

AdjectiveEdit

temporal (plural temporales)

  1. temporal (of or relating to time)
  2. temporary
    Synonym: temporario
  3. (anatomy) temporal (of the temples of the head)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

temporal m (plural temporales)

  1. storm
    Synonyms: tempestad, vendaval

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit