Welsh edit

Etymology edit

gwir (true) +‎ iawn (very). The semantic shift from "pure, innocent" > "silly, daft" has parallels to that seen in English nice ("silly" > "pleasant"). Cognate with Breton gwirion.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

gwirion (feminine singular gwirion, plural gwirion, equative mor wirion, comparative mwy gwirion, superlative mwyaf gwirion)

  1. silly, daft, foolish
  2. pure, innocent, blameless

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gwirion wirion ngwirion unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “gwirion”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies