Afrikaans edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch handhaven, from Middle Dutch hanthaven, from Middle High German hanthaben, itself a calque from Old French maintenir, from Vulgar Latin manūteneō.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

handhaaf (present handhaaf, present participle handhawende, past participle gehandhaaf)

  1. (transitive) to enforce, to maintain, to uphold

Derived terms edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Verb edit


  1. inflection of handhaven:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative