See also: hystéria

English edit

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Etymology edit

From New Latin hysteria, a back-formation from Latin hystericus, from Ancient Greek ὑστερικός (husterikós, suffering in the uterus, hysterical), from ὑστέρα (hustéra, womb). Compare French hystérie.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hysteria (usually uncountable, plural hysterias or hysteriae or hysteriæ)

  1. Behavior exhibiting excessive or uncontrollable emotions, in a wide range from joy to panic but usually including anxiety or fear.
    • 1968, Robert Conquest, “Old Bolsheviks Confess”, in The Great Terror: Stalin's Purge of the Thirties[1], Macmillan Company, →LCCN, →OCLC, →OL, page 117:
      Zinoviev was unwell and feverish. He was told he was to be transferred to another cell. But when he saw the guards he at once understood. All accounts agree that he collapsed, yelling in a high-pitched voice a desperate appeal to Stalin to keep his word. He gave the impression of hysteria, but this is probably not fair, as his voice was always very piercing when he was excited, and he was perhaps trying to make a last speech. He was, in addition, still suffering from heart and liver trouble, so that some sort of collapse is understandable.
  2. (medicine, nosologically dated) A mental disorder characterized by emotional excitability etc. without an organic cause.
    • 1974, Thomas S. Szasz, M.D., chapter 13, in The Myth of Mental Illness, →ISBN, page 218:
      The typical cases of hysteria cited by Freud thus involved a moral conflict—a conflict about what the young women in question wanted to do with themselves. Did they want to prove that they were good daughters by taking care of their sick fathers? Or did they want to become independent of their parents, by having a family of their own, or in some other way? I believe it was the tension between these conflicting aspirations that was the crucial issue in these cases. The sexual problem—say, of the daughter's incestuous cravings for her father—was secondary (if that important); it was stimulated, perhaps, by the interpersonal situation in which the one had to attend to the other's body. Moreover, it was probably easier to admit the sexual problem to consciousness and to worry about it than to raise the ethical problem indicated. In the final analysis, the latter is a vastly difficult problem in living. It cannot be "solved" by any particular maneuver but requires rather decision making about basic goals, and, having made the decisions, dedicated efforts to attain them.
  3. (informal, psychopathology) Synonym of conversion disorder
  4. (psychiatry, until early 20th century, now historical) Any disorder of women with some psychiatric symptoms without other diagnosis, ascribed to uterine influences on the female body, lack of pregnancy, or lack of sex.

Usage notes edit

Some usage advisers recommend caution with the terms hysteria and hysterical, because the medical and psychiatric senses of the terms over the centuries have been inextricably bound up with bias via stereotypes about gender; in medicine, the words are no longer nosologically current. Some advisers recommend avoiding these words even in the broadest sense that is arguably gender-neutral (i.e., denoting excessive or uncontrollable emotions, from joy to panic, as in hysterical crowds of sports fans). The usage and its cultural underpinnings are discussed at Wikipedia > Hysteria.

Synonyms edit

Hyponyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

Internationalism (see English hysteria), ultimately from New Latin hysteria.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhysteriɑ/, [ˈhys̠te̞ˌriɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -iɑ
  • Syllabification(key): hys‧te‧ri‧a

Noun edit


  1. hysteria

Declension edit

Inflection of hysteria (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative hysteria hysteriat
genitive hysterian hysterioiden
partitive hysteriaa hysterioita
illative hysteriaan hysterioihin
singular plural
nominative hysteria hysteriat
accusative nom. hysteria hysteriat
gen. hysterian
genitive hysterian hysterioiden
partitive hysteriaa hysterioita
inessive hysteriassa hysterioissa
elative hysteriasta hysterioista
illative hysteriaan hysterioihin
adessive hysterialla hysterioilla
ablative hysterialta hysterioilta
allative hysterialle hysterioille
essive hysteriana hysterioina
translative hysteriaksi hysterioiksi
abessive hysteriatta hysterioitta
instructive hysterioin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of hysteria (type kulkija)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative hysteriani hysteriani
accusative nom. hysteriani hysteriani
gen. hysteriani
genitive hysteriani hysterioideni
partitive hysteriaani hysterioitani
inessive hysteriassani hysterioissani
elative hysteriastani hysterioistani
illative hysteriaani hysterioihini
adessive hysteriallani hysterioillani
ablative hysterialtani hysterioiltani
allative hysterialleni hysterioilleni
essive hysterianani hysterioinani
translative hysteriakseni hysterioikseni
abessive hysteriattani hysterioittani
comitative hysterioineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative hysteriasi hysteriasi
accusative nom. hysteriasi hysteriasi
gen. hysteriasi
genitive hysteriasi hysterioidesi
partitive hysteriaasi hysterioitasi
inessive hysteriassasi hysterioissasi
elative hysteriastasi hysterioistasi
illative hysteriaasi hysterioihisi
adessive hysteriallasi hysterioillasi
ablative hysterialtasi hysterioiltasi
allative hysteriallesi hysterioillesi
essive hysterianasi hysterioinasi
translative hysteriaksesi hysterioiksesi
abessive hysteriattasi hysterioittasi
comitative hysterioinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative hysteriamme hysteriamme
accusative nom. hysteriamme hysteriamme
gen. hysteriamme
genitive hysteriamme hysterioidemme
partitive hysteriaamme hysterioitamme
inessive hysteriassamme hysterioissamme
elative hysteriastamme hysterioistamme
illative hysteriaamme hysterioihimme
adessive hysteriallamme hysterioillamme
ablative hysterialtamme hysterioiltamme
allative hysteriallemme hysterioillemme
essive hysterianamme hysterioinamme
translative hysteriaksemme hysterioiksemme
abessive hysteriattamme hysterioittamme
comitative hysterioinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative hysterianne hysterianne
accusative nom. hysterianne hysterianne
gen. hysterianne
genitive hysterianne hysterioidenne
partitive hysteriaanne hysterioitanne
inessive hysteriassanne hysterioissanne
elative hysteriastanne hysterioistanne
illative hysteriaanne hysterioihinne
adessive hysteriallanne hysterioillanne
ablative hysterialtanne hysterioiltanne
allative hysteriallenne hysterioillenne
essive hysteriananne hysterioinanne
translative hysteriaksenne hysterioiksenne
abessive hysteriattanne hysterioittanne
comitative hysterioinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative hysteriansa hysteriansa
accusative nom. hysteriansa hysteriansa
gen. hysteriansa
genitive hysteriansa hysterioidensa
partitive hysteriaansa hysterioitaan
inessive hysteriassaan
elative hysteriastaan
illative hysteriaansa hysterioihinsa
adessive hysteriallaan
ablative hysterialtaan
allative hysterialleen
essive hysterianaan
translative hysteriakseen
abessive hysteriattaan
comitative hysterioineen

Compounds edit

Further reading edit