See also: ies, Ies, IES, íes, -ies, i. e. S., and i.e.S.

Northern Sami edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Samic *jiečë.

The inessive stem is from the inessive case of the adverb ala (onto), while the locative stem derives from the locative of alde (on).

Pronunciation edit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈie̯ʃ/

Adverb edit


  1. oneself (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves)
    Mun ieš dahken dan.
    I made it myself.
    Mii ieža dagaimet dan.
    We made it ourselves.

Usage notes edit

Ieš is used to modify a subject. For dual and plural subjects, the form ieža is used.

For use as a pronoun rather than a subject modifier, a possessive suffix must be added. These pronoun forms have no nominative form, the accusative is used as lemma.

Inflection edit

Irregular, suppletive
Nominative ieš
Singular Plural
Nominative ieš ieža
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person iežan iežame iežamet
2nd person iežat iežade iežadet
3rd person iežas iežaska iežaset

Further reading edit

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[1], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland