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See also: Ilgs

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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *dilˀgas, from Proto-Indo-European *dl̥h₁gʰós. Karulis posits that the d- visible in Slavic and Indic is prefixal, but the consensus reconstruction makes the *d part of the root, with *dl simplifying to l also in Latin and Germanic. Cognates include Lithuanian ìlgas, Old Prussian ilga, ilgi, Old Church Slavonic дльгъ (dlĭgŭ), длъгъ (dlŭgŭ), Russian до́лгий (dólgij), Belarusian доўгі (doŭhi), Ukrainian довгий (dovhyj), Bulgarian дъ́лъг (dǎ́lǎg), Czech dlouhý, Polish długi, Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌲𐌲𐍃 (laggs), Old High German, German lang, Sanskrit दीर्घ (dīrgha), Latin longus.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

ilgs (definite ilgais, comparative ilgāks, superlative visilgākais, adverb ilgi)

  1. (time) long (a large period of time)
    aizbraukt uz ilgu laikuto depart for a long time
    pēc ilgiem laikiem atgrieztiesto return after a long time
    sarunāties par ilguto talk too long
  2. long, long time (that which lasts or happens for a while, that which takes a while)
    ilgs brauciens, ceļojumslong trip
    ilga pastaigalong walk
    ilga cīņalong struggle
    ilgs miegslong sleep
    nodzīvot ilgu mūžuto live a long life
    desmit minūšu ilgs pārtraukumsa ten minute long pause
  3. long (that which took a while to acquire)
    ilga pieredzelong experience
    ilgie novērojumilong observations

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ilgs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7