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Alternative formsEdit



iocō (present infinitive iocāre, perfect active iocāvī, supine iocātum); first conjugation

  1. I joke or jest
  2. I play


   Conjugation of ioco (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iocō iocās iocat iocāmus iocātis iocant
imperfect iocābam iocābās iocābat iocābāmus iocābātis iocābant
future iocābō iocābis iocābit iocābimus iocābitis iocābunt
perfect iocāvī iocāvistī iocāvit iocāvimus iocāvistis iocāvērunt, iocāvēre
pluperfect iocāveram iocāverās iocāverat iocāverāmus iocāverātis iocāverant
future perfect iocāverō iocāveris iocāverit iocāverimus iocāveritis iocāverint
passive present iocor iocāris, iocāre iocātur iocāmur iocāminī iocantur
imperfect iocābar iocābāris, iocābāre iocābātur iocābāmur iocābāminī iocābantur
future iocābor iocāberis, iocābere iocābitur iocābimur iocābiminī iocābuntur
perfect iocātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect iocātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect iocātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iocem iocēs iocet iocēmus iocētis iocent
imperfect iocārem iocārēs iocāret iocārēmus iocārētis iocārent
perfect iocāverim iocāverīs iocāverit iocāverimus iocāveritis iocāverint
pluperfect iocāvissem iocāvissēs iocāvisset iocāvissēmus iocāvissētis iocāvissent
passive present iocer iocēris, iocēre iocētur iocēmur iocēminī iocentur
imperfect iocārer iocārēris, iocārēre iocārētur iocārēmur iocārēminī iocārentur
perfect iocātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect iocātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iocā iocāte
future iocātō iocātō iocātōte iocantō
passive present iocāre iocāminī
future iocātor iocātor iocantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives iocāre iocāvisse iocātūrus esse iocārī iocātus esse iocātum īrī
participles iocāns iocātūrus iocātus iocandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
iocāre iocandī iocandō iocandum iocātum iocātū

Related termsEdit



  1. dative singular of iocus
  2. ablative singular of iocus


  • ioco in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be now jesting, now in earnest: ioca et seria agere
    • (ambiguous) to make a joke: ioco uti (Off. 1. 29. 103)
    • (ambiguous) joking apart: extra iocum, remoto ioco (Fam. 7. 11. 3)