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LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

iocō (present infinitive iocāre, perfect active iocāvī, supine iocātum); first conjugation

  1. I joke or jest
  2. (Late Latin, Medieval Latin) I play
    • 1678, du Cange, Glossarium mediæ et infimæ latinitatis, page 421b:
      JOCARE, Jocari, Ludere, lusitare, Gall. Jouer.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1678, du Cange, Glossarium mediæ et infimæ latinitatis, page 421b:
      Infans autem jocabat, et currebat hac illacque.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of iocō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iocō iocās iocat iocāmus iocātis iocant
imperfect iocābam iocābās iocābat iocābāmus iocābātis iocābant
future iocābō iocābis iocābit iocābimus iocābitis iocābunt
perfect iocāvī iocāvistī iocāvit iocāvimus iocāvistis iocāvērunt, iocāvēre
pluperfect iocāveram iocāverās iocāverat iocāverāmus iocāverātis iocāverant
future perfect iocāverō iocāveris iocāverit iocāverimus iocāveritis iocāverint
passive present iocor iocāris, iocāre iocātur iocāmur iocāminī iocantur
imperfect iocābar iocābāris, iocābāre iocābātur iocābāmur iocābāminī iocābantur
future iocābor iocāberis, iocābere iocābitur iocābimur iocābiminī iocābuntur
perfect iocātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect iocātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect iocātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iocem iocēs iocet iocēmus iocētis iocent
imperfect iocārem iocārēs iocāret iocārēmus iocārētis iocārent
perfect iocāverim iocāverīs iocāverit iocāverīmus iocāverītis iocāverint
pluperfect iocāvissem iocāvissēs iocāvisset iocāvissēmus iocāvissētis iocāvissent
passive present iocer iocēris, iocēre iocētur iocēmur iocēminī iocentur
imperfect iocārer iocārēris, iocārēre iocārētur iocārēmur iocārēminī iocārentur
perfect iocātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect iocātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iocā iocāte
future iocātō iocātō iocātōte iocantō
passive present iocāre iocāminī
future iocātor iocātor iocantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives iocāre iocāvisse iocātūrum esse iocārī iocātum esse iocātum īrī
participles iocāns iocātūrus iocātus iocandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
iocandī iocandō iocandum iocandō iocātum iocātū

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

iocō

  1. dative singular of iocus
  2. ablative singular of iocus

ReferencesEdit

  • ioco in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be now jesting, now in earnest: ioca et seria agere
    • (ambiguous) to make a joke: ioco uti (Off. 1. 29. 103)
    • (ambiguous) joking apart: extra iocum, remoto ioco (Fam. 7. 11. 3)