Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *yek- (to speak). Compare Old High German jehan, Welsh iaith, Breton yezh.



iocus m (genitive iocī); second declension

  1. a joke, jest
  2. a form of amusement
  3. pastime, sport
    Synonym: lūdus


Second-declension noun (otherwise or neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative iocus iocī
Genitive iocī iocōrum
Dative iocō iocīs
Accusative iocum iocōs
Ablative iocō iocīs
Vocative ioce iocī

The inflection is irregular. The neuter plural is more likely to denote a collective.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • Aragonese: chuego
  • Aromanian: gioc
  • Asturian: xuegu
  • Catalan: joc
  • English: joke
  • French: jeu
  • Friulian: zûc
  • Galician: xogo


  • iocus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • jocus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I said it in jest: haec iocatus sum, per iocum dixi
    • (ambiguous) joking apart: extra iocum, remoto ioco (Fam. 7. 11. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to make a joke: ioco uti (Off. 1. 29. 103)
    • (ambiguous) joking apart: extra iocum, remoto ioco (Fam. 7. 11. 3)
  • iocus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers