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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *yek- (to speak). Compare Old High German jehan, Welsh iaith, Breton yezh.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

iocus m (genitive iocī); second declension

  1. a joke, jest
  2. a form of amusement
  3. pastime, sport
    Synonym: lūdus

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (otherwise or neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative iocus iocī
ioca
Genitive iocī iocōrum
Dative iocō iocīs
Accusative iocum iocōs
ioca
Ablative iocō iocīs
Vocative ioce iocī
ioca

The inflection is irregular. The neuter plural is more likely to denote a collective.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Aragonese: chuego
  • Aromanian: gioc
  • Asturian: xuegu
  • Catalan: joc
  • English: joke
  • French: jeu
  • Friulian: zûc, ğûc
  • Galician: xogo

ReferencesEdit

  • iocus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • jocus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I said it in jest: haec iocatus sum, per iocum dixi
    • (ambiguous) joking apart: extra iocum, remoto ioco (Fam. 7. 11. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to make a joke: ioco uti (Off. 1. 29. 103)
    • (ambiguous) joking apart: extra iocum, remoto ioco (Fam. 7. 11. 3)
  • iocus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers