In the Finnish language, (sandhi-induced) gemination (rajakahdennus) is the phenomenon in which the first consonant of the following word becomes geminated. If the next word begins with a vowel, there is a double glottal stop between the words. The tendency of a word to cause gemination in the following word, which is what jäännöslopuke as a term describes, is sometimes marked with [ˣ] or [(ʔ)] in IPA and the actual gemination of a consonant may be marked with [ː] or by doubling the consonant (see purje, vene, purjevene).
- tule ([ˈt̪ule̞ˣ]) come + tänne ([ˈt̪ænːe̞ˣ]) here + autolla ([ˈɑut̪o̞lːɑ]) by car → [ˈt̪ule̞ˈt̪ːænːe̞ʔʔˈɑut̪olːɑ]
More information on gemination in Finnish can be found in the Wikipedia article on Finnish phonology.
- “Suomen fonetiikkaa – Jäännöslopuke”, in (Please provide the title of the work) (in Finnish), Department of Speech Sciences, University of Helsinki, accessed 2008