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KikuyuEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Swahili karani.[1]

PronunciationEdit

As for Tonal Class, Armstrong (1940) classifies this term into njata class which includes njata, gĩkabu, gĩtara, ithanwa, kĩihũri, etc.[2] Benson (1964) classifies this term into Class 7 with a disyllabic stem, together with njata, and so on. Clements (1984) classifies this term into “HLHL class” corresponding to Armstrong's njata and ðiimbo classes (e.g. itũũra), and Benson's disyllabic 7 and 8 (e.g. matũũra (plural of itũũra), thani), together with matũũra.[3]

NounEdit

karani class 12 (plural tũrani)

  1. clerk, secretary

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ karani” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary, p. 369. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  2. ^ Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).
  3. ^ Clements, George N. (1984). "Principles of tone assignment in Kikuyu." In Clements, G.N. and J.A. Goldsmith (eds.) Autosegmental studies in Bantu tone, pp. 281–339. Dordrecht: Mouton de Gruyter; Foris Publications. →ISBN

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

ParticipleEdit

karani

  1. masculine personal nominative/vocative plural of karany

PurepechaEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

karani

  1. (obsolete) paint
  2. write

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Gilberti, Maturino (1559) Vocabulario en lengua de Mechuacan (in Spanish), Iuan Pablos Bressano, page 10v: “Carani. eſcriuir o pintar.”
  • Gylberti, Maturino (1559) Aqui comiença el Vocabulario enla lengua Castellana y Mechuacana (in Spanish), Mexico: Iuan Pablos Bressano, page 83v: “Eſcriuir como quiera. carani.”
  • Gylberti, Maturino (1559) Aqui comiença el Vocabulario enla lengua Castellana y Mechuacana (in Spanish), Mexico: Iuan Pablos Bressano, page 140r: “Pintar. carani. atani.”
  • [Instituto Lingüístico de Verano] (1975) Frases sencillas, tarasco-español[1] (in Spanish), third edition, page 14: “karáni”
  • Lagunas, Iuan Baptista de (1574) Dictionarito breue y compendioso en la lẽgua de Michuacan (in Spanish), Mexico: Pedro Balli, page 39: “Carani, que es eſcreuir”
  • Lathrop, Maxwell (2007) Vocabulario del idioma purépecha[2] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., pages 7, 26: “karani”

SwahiliEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic كَرَّانِيّ(karrāniyy).

NounEdit

karani (ma class, plural makarani)

  1. clerk
  2. secretary

DescendantsEdit

  • Kikuyu: karani
  • Malagasy: [Term?]