Contents

LatvianEdit

Kurlas meitenes

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a parallel form *kurt of the (old) verb kurst ‎(to be(come) pierced, hollow, torn), derived with an extra -l (cf. also the dialectal form kursls, from kurst). The semantic evolution was: “with holes, hollow” > “having ears with holes, mutilated ears” > “not hearing well” > “deaf.” Cognates include Lithuanian kur̃čias, dialectal kur̃las, kur̃tas, Old Church Slavonic кърнъ ‎(kŭrnŭ, mutilated (ears, nose)), Avestan karna-, Kurdish kerr.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)
(file)

AdjectiveEdit

kurls (def. kurlais, comp. kurlāks, sup. viskurlākais; irreg. adv. (none))

  1. deaf (not capable of hearing sounds)
    kurlas meitenesdeaf girls
    būt kurlam ar labo ausi — to be deaf on the right ear
    viņa bija pilnīgi kurla, sen jau atradinājusies klausīties un mēģināt saprast, ko citi runāja — she was completely deaf, she had long ago given up listening and trying to understand what others say
    ausis bija pilnīgi aizkritušas, viņš gāja kā kurls — (his) ears were completely closed, he walked as if deaf
    ausis kurlas no lādiņu kaucieniem un detonācijām — (his) ears (were) deaf from the howl and detonation of the (bomb)shells
  2. deaf (who does not want to listen; disobedient)
    būt kurlam pret labiem padomiem — to be deaf to good advice
    Ieva bija un palika pret šiem svarīgiem krusttēva pierādījumiem kurla — Ieva was and remained deaf to her uncle's important (pieces of) evidence

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

Level intonation is the standard intonation for the term kurls ‎(deaf) according to Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca, pronunciation with a broken intonation is very common, however.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kurls”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
Read in another language