From Middle English listenen, listnen, alteration (due to Middle English listen (“to listen, give heed to”)) of Old English hlysnan (“to listen”), from Proto-Germanic *hlusnijaną, *hlusnōną (compare Middle High German lüsenen), from Proto-Germanic *hlusēną (compare Old High German hlosēn), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew- (“to hear”) (compare Ancient Greek κλαίω (klaíō, “I make known, famous”), Welsh clywed (“to hear”), Latin clueō (“I am famous”), Lithuanian klausýti, Old Church Slavonic слѹшати (slušati, “to hear”), Sanskrit श्रोषति (śróṣati). Related to loud and German lauschen.
- enPR: lĭs'ən, lĭs'n, IPA(key): /ˈlɪs.ən/, [ˈlɪs.n̩]
Audio (UK) (file) Audio (US) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɪsən
- Hyphenation: lis‧ten
- (intransitive) To pay attention to a sound or speech.
- Please listen carefully as I explain. I like to listen to music.
- (intransitive) To expect or wait for a sound, such as a signal.
- You should listen for the starting gun.
- 1906, Stanley J[ohn] Weyman, chapter I, in Chippinge Borough, New York, N.Y.: McClure, Phillips & Co., OCLC 580270828, page 01:
- It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street. […]. He halted opposite the Privy Gardens, and, with his face turned skywards, listened until the sound of the Tower guns smote again on the ear and dispelled his doubts.
- 1912 January, Zane Grey, chapter 4, in Riders of the Purple Sage: A Novel, New York, N.Y.; London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, OCLC 6868219:
- He reined Wrangle to a walk, halted now and then to listen, and then proceeded cautiously with shifting and alert gaze.
- (intransitive) To accept advice or obey instruction; to agree or assent.
- Listen, the only reason I yelled at you was because I was upset, OK? Good children listen to their parents.
- (transitive, archaic) To hear (something or someone), to pay attention to.
In English, listen and hear are two primary verbs relating to audial perception. To hear represents automatic, unconscious, or passive perception of sound, while listen generally represents intentional, conscious, or purposeful use of the sense of hearing. The difference is expressed in the following quotation:
- As the silence took hold in the darkness, Sam realized that she had been hearing, though not listening to, various low-level sounds—the hum of air conditioning and life support, the pulse of some faraway oxygen pump, the faint buzz of the electrical and lighting systems. —Justin Richards (1999) Demontage, chapter 5, page 92.
A similar distinction exists between see and watch in English.
- For quotations using this term, see Citations:listen.
- (to pay attention): attend, behear, give ear, hark, hear, heed, list, mind, note, pay attention
- (to expect or wait for a sound): await, anticipate, expect, wait for
- (to accept advice or instruction): agree, assent, hearken, mind, obey
- (to hear): hear, mind, heed
- See also Thesaurus:listen
listen (plural listens)
- An instance of listening.
- Synonym: (of recorded audio) play
- Give the motor a listen and tell me if it sounds off.
- 2016 March 29, Victor Luckerson, “There's a New Way To Listen To All the Remixes You Want”, in Time:
- The diss song, “Back to Back,” now has more than 124 million listens, a sign that the streaming can attract a sizable audience for a single track.
listen m inan
- listen in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- listen in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
- Plural form of list
- to list
|present||ich liste||wir listen||i||ich liste||wir listen|
|du listest||ihr listet||du listest||ihr listet|
|er listet||sie listen||er liste||sie listen|
|preterite||ich listete||wir listeten||ii||ich listete1||wir listeten1|
|du listetest||ihr listetet||du listetest1||ihr listetet1|
|er listete||sie listeten||er listete1||sie listeten1|
1Rare except in very formal contexts; alternative in würde normally preferred.
- Liste f
listen m or f
- Second-person plural (ustedes) imperative form of listar.
- Second-person plural (ustedes) present subjunctive form of listar.
- Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present subjunctive form of listar.
- definite singular of list